Ecological Influences on Parenting and Child Development

Jack, Gordon
December 2000
British Journal of Social Work;Dec2000, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p703
Academic Journal
The development of children and young people and their subsequent life chances in adulthood are the product of a complex set of interacting factors, at individual, family and community levels. An ecological framework is used to examine the mutual influences between the different systems that are important during childhood. The links between poverty and health and the influence of social exclusion and structural inequalities on family and community functioning are considered in some depth, utilizing findings from a wide range of research disciplines, in different parts of the world. The identification, development and protection of sources of informal social support, available to families living in impoverished circumstances, are identified as key tasks for social workers and other welfare professionals. Together with features of resiliency, found amongst children and families coping successfully in high-risk environments, this knowledge is used to point the way towards features of effective, ecological assessment and intervention strategies.


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