TITLE

Expatriate Assignments: Enhancing Success and Minimizing Failure

AUTHOR(S)
Tung, Rosalie L.
PUB. DATE
May 1987
SOURCE
Academy of Management Executive (08963789);May1987, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p117
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The high rate of expatriate failure among U.S. multinationals stems from several factors: the family situation, lack of cross-cultural relational abilities, the short duration of overseas assignments, problems of repatriation, overemphasis on the technical competence criterion to the disregard of other important attributes such as relational abilities, and inadequate training for cross-cultural encounters. Tung examines the expatriation policies of 17 European and 18 Japanese multinational firms that experienced significantly lower incidences of failure than American multinationals, and found the common denominators to successful performance in these firms. They were (1) long-term orientation with regard to overall planning and assessment of performance, (2) use of more rigorous programs to prepare candidates for overseas assignments; (3) provision of a comprehensive support system to expatriates; (4) overall qualification of candidates for overseas assignments; and (5) restricted job mobility. In the European multinationals, three additional factors enhanced the incidences of success: their international orientation, longer history of overseas operations, and language capability. In the Japanese firms, two other factors that accounted for the lower failure rate were selection for overseas assignments and the role of the family. On the basis of these findings, Tung suggests that to enhance expatriate success and minimize failure, U.S. multinationals (1) adopt a longer-term orientation with regard to expatriate assignments and provide support mechanisms at corporate headquarters to allay concerns about repatriation; (2) develop a more international orientation; and (3) provide more rigorous training programs to prepare expatriates for cross-cultural encounters.
ACCESSION #
4275826

 

Related Articles

  • The double whammy of globalization: Differing country and foreign partner cultures. Zacharakis, Andrew // Academy of Management Executive;Nov96, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p109 

    The article discusses research that examined the effect of double-layered acculturation on the foreign entry success of firms. The author notes that such acculturation increases the cost of entry and reduces the barriers of learning the culture of one's country. The research indicated that the...

  • Recognizing and Reducing Trans-Cultural Ethical Tension. Payne, Stephen L. // Academy of Management Executive;Aug98, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p84 

    The article reports that multinational corporate managers occasionally face ethical conflicts when trying to coordinate corporate activities across diverse cultures. Multinational corporation (MNC) policies and rules may be inappropriate for some corporate locations if the policies override...

  • Management Myths in Multinational Corporations. Sirota, David // Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1971, p130 

    The article discusses the myths of management in multinational corporations. The core of the multinational management mythology is simply this: there are fundamental differences between the methods of management appropriate to a company that operates within a single nation and one that cuts...

  • Access to Asia. Schweitzer, JD, Sharon; Alexander, PhD, Liz // Access to Asia;1/24/2017, p1 

    In Access to Asia, Sharon Schweitzer and Liz Alexander argue that in order to succeed in the landscape of international business, professionals must develop an awareness of different cultures around the world. Drawing from extensive research and firsthand accounts from 80 regional experts, the...

  • Passeport pour l’Asie. Schweitzer, JD, Sharon; Alexander, PhD, Liz // Passeport pour l'Asie;1/23/2017, p1 

    No abstract available.

  • Zugang zu Asien. Schweitzer, JD, Sharon; Alexander, PhD, Liz // Zugang zu Asien;1/23/2017, p1 

    No abstract available.

  • Cómo acceder a Asia. Schweitzer, JD, Sharon; Alexander, PhD, Liz // Cómo Acceder a Asia;1/23/2017, p1 

    No abstract available.

  • Access to Asia. Schweitzer, JD, Sharon; Alexander, PhD, Liz // Access to Asia (Chinese);1/23/2017, p1 

    In Access to Asia, Sharon Schweitzer and Liz Alexander argue that in order to succeed in the landscape of international business, professionals must develop an awareness of different cultures around the world. Drawing from extensive research and firsthand accounts from 80 regional experts, the...

  • Cultural Communication Problems of Foreign Business Personnel in the United States. Hildebrandt, Herbert W. // Journal of Business Communication;Fall75, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p13 

    This paper discusses the communication problems of the German expatriate employee in the United States, and notes some differences in oral and written means of communication as seen by the expatriate. Interviews with both Germans and Americans, in Germany and the United States, lead to the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of NEW JERSEY STATE LIBRARY

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics