TITLE

An Initial Inventory of Bacteria Found within the Soils and Waters of Great Smoky Mountains National Park

AUTHOR(S)
O'Connell, Seán P.; York, Emily A.; Collins, Melissa B.; Rosbach, Derren T.; Black, Kristina Reid; Haney, Weaver B.
PUB. DATE
December 2007
SOURCE
Southeastern Naturalist;2007 Special Issue, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p57
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Soils and waters were collected from Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GSMNP), and bacteria were cultured or DNA cloned from the samples. Oconaluftee Visitors Center and Kephart Prong Trail were sampled to examine distributions of heterotrophs inhabiting streams and riparian soil. Soil from All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory plots at Albright Grove, Cataloochee, and Purchase Knob were also sampled. A total of eleven phyla were detected, of which six were only found via culture-independent techniques. Overall, 69 genera were documented, with differences in their detection in soil and water and by methodology. Firmicutes dominated cultures from soil, while Acidobacteria dominated clone libraries: Bacteroidetes was the dominant phylum in water, Three classes of the phylum Proteobacteria were commonly seen as isolates or clones. Prokaryotic diversity is extraordinary; this is the first inventory examining non-photosynthetic bacteria inhabiting GSMNP and it lays the groundwork for investigations exploring the true breadth of diversity in the park and what this diversity means to the broader ecosystem.
ACCESSION #
44454573

 

Related Articles

  • Linking soil bacterial diversity to ecosystem multifunctionality using backward-elimination boosted trees analysis. Ji-Zheng He; Yuan Ge; Zhihong Xu; Chengrong Chen // Journal of Soils & Sediments: Protection, Risk Assessment, & Rem;Dec2009, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p547 

    Background, aim, and scope There is increasing evidence of linkages between biodiversity and ecosystem functions. Recent interests on this topic have expanded from an individual-function perspective to a multifunction perspective. This study aims to explore the soil bacterial diversity-...

  • Microbial Biodiversity in the Water of Lake Baikal. Bel'kova, N.L.; Parfenova, V.V.; Kostornova, T. Ya.; Denisova, L. Ya.; Zaichikov, E.F. // Microbiology (00262617);Mar2003, Vol. 72 Issue 2, p203 

    An investigation of the microbial community of Lake Baikal by the methods of general and molecular microbiology showed that culturable bacterial strains are represented by various known genera. The lake water contains a great number of bacterial morphotypes, as revealed by electron microscopy,...

  • Sources of edaphic cyanobacterial diversity in the Dry Valleys of Eastern Antarctica. Wood, Susanna A.; Rueckert, Andreas; Cowan, Donald A.; Cary, S. Craig // ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology;Mar2008, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p308 

    Cyanobacteria are major components of Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Their occurrence in lakes and ponds is well documented, however, less is known about their distribution in edaphic environments. There has been considerable debate about the contribution of aquatic organic matter derived...

  • Profile of bacterial communities in South African mine-water samples using Illumina next-generation sequencing platform. Keshri, Jitendra; Mankazana, Boitumelo; Momba, Maggy // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology;Apr2015, Vol. 99 Issue 7, p3233 

    Mine water is an example of an extreme environment that contains a large number of diverse and specific bacteria. It is imperative to gain an understanding of these bacterial communities in order to develop effective strategies for the bioremediation of polluted aquatic systems. In this study,...

  • Bacterial biofilms formed in arsenic-containing water: bacterial community characterization. Rastelli, Silvia E.; Rosales, Blanca M.; Viera, Marisa R. // Journal of Water Supply: Research & Technology-AQUA;2016, Vol. 65 Issue 1, p1 

    We have analyzed the structure and diversity of bacterial biofilms formed on different water distribution materials in the absence and in the presence of 5 mg/L of arsenic(V). Three commercial metals (cast iron, zinc and copper) and polypropylene were used as substrata for biofilm formation....

  • Diversity of Haloquadratum and other haloarchaea in three, geographically distant, Australian saltern crystallizer ponds. Oh, Dickson; Porter, Kate; Russ, Brendan; Burns, David; Dyall-Smith, Mike // Extremophiles;Mar2010, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p161 

    Haloquadratum walsbyi is frequently a dominant member of the microbial communities in hypersaline waters. 16S rRNA gene sequences indicate that divergence within this species is very low but relatively few sites have been examined, particularly in the southern hemisphere. The diversity of...

  • Bacterial diversity and carbonate precipitation in the giant microbialites from the highly alkaline Lake Van, Turkey. López-García, Purificación; Kazmierczak, Józef; Benzerara, Karim; Kempe, Stephan; Guyot, François; Moreira, David // Extremophiles;Aug2005, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p263 

    Lake Van harbors the largest known microbialites on Earth. The surface of these huge carbonate pinnacles is covered by coccoid cyanobacteria whereas their central axis is occupied by a channel through which neutral, relatively Ca-enriched, groundwater flows into highly alkaline (pH ~9.7) Ca-poor...

  • Of trees and networks. Vernikos, Georgios S. // Nature Reviews Microbiology;Oct2009, Vol. 7 Issue 10, p691 

    This month's Genome Watch discusses the limitations of strictly binary classification models in the study of bacterial populations.

  • Isolation, Identification and Comparative Study of Fungal and Bacterial Strains Found in Organic and Inorganic Soils of Different Agricultural Fields. Ishaq, Fouzia; Khan, Amir // Recent Research in Science & Technology;Nov2011, Vol. 3 Issue 11, p30 

    Soil microbial communities are arguably the most diverse communities on earth and soil represents a favorable habitat for microorganisms. Microorganisms are found in prominent amount with great species diversity in the soil of the earth. In the present investigation the extent of the diversity...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics