TITLE

Probing Structure of Heme A Synthase from Bacillus subtilis by Site-Directed Mutagenesis

AUTHOR(S)
Mogi, Tatsushi
PUB. DATE
May 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Biochemistry;May2009, Vol. 145 Issue 5, p625
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Biosynthesis of heme A from heme B is catalysed by two enzymes, heme O and heme A synthases, in the membrane. Heme A synthase in Bacillus subtilis (CtaA) has eight transmembrane helices and oxidizes a methyl group on pyrrole ring D of heme O to an aldehyde. In this study, to explore structure of heme binding site(s) in heme A synthase, we overproduced the B. subtilis His6-CtaA in Escherichia coli and characterized spectroscopic properties of the purified CtaA. On the contrary to a previous report (Svensson, B., Andersson, K.K., and Hederstedt, L. (1996) Low-spin heme A in the heme A biosynthetic protein CtaA from Bacillus subtilis. Eur. J. Biochem. 238, 287–295), we found that two molecules of heme B were bound to CtaA. Further, we demonstrated that substitutions of His60 and His126 did not affect heme binding while His216 and His278 in the carboxy-halves are essential in heme binding. And we found that Ala substitutions of Cys191 and Cys197 in loop 5/6 reduced heme content to a half of the wild-type level. On the basis of our findings, we proposed a helical-wheel-projection model of CtaA.
ACCESSION #
44544307

 

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