TITLE

Theoretical Change and Therapeutic Innovation in the Treatment of Syphilis in Mid-Nineteenth-Century France

AUTHOR(S)
Dracobly, Alex
PUB. DATE
October 2004
SOURCE
Journal of the History of Medicine & Allied Sciences;Oct2004, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p522
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article examines changes in the treatment of venereal disease in mid-nineteenth-century France in light of theoretical developments in the understanding of these diseases. It focuses on three theories of venereal disease: the orthodox theory of the “unity” of gonorrhea and syphilis; the physiological theory of François Broussais, which essentially denied the actual existence of such a disease; and Philippe Ricord's new doctrine of venereal disease, a theory that is often credited with having established the distinction between syphilis and gonorrhea. The argument is that theoretical considerations played a major role in the evaluation of the relative merits of these theories and that any understanding of the appeal of Ricord's new doctrine must consider not only its pathological claims but its therapeutic implications as well. This was not, however, simply an instance of theory applied. These two aspects of Ricord's new doctrine, its pathology and its therapeutics, were inextricably bound up with one another, so that judgment of the one necessarily entailed judgment of the other. The argument is that therapeutic practice should not be seen simply as a downwind consequence of changes in the theoretical understanding of disease, but rather as an integral part of the process of change. These were the kinds of developments that led doctors to believe that French medicine was making very real progress at mid-century.
ACCESSION #
44549314

 

Related Articles

  • Keeping up with venereal disease. DiPalma, Joseph R. // RN;Jan75, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p59 

    Focuses on the test and therapy for venereal diseases. Reasons for the increased cases of gonorrhea; Types of test for syphilis; Treatment and management of patients with gonorrhea.

  • Old Enemies. Handsfield, H. Hunter // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;9/19/90, Vol. 264 Issue 11, p1451 

    Editorial. Focuses on issues concerning the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea in the 1990s in the U.S. Principles of treatment; Increase in primary and secondary syphilis in the U.S. in the late 1980s; Occurrence of any sexually transmitted disease as a sentinel event.

  • Sexually transmitted disease: Easier screening tests, single-dose therapies. Campos-Outcalt, Doug // Journal of Family Practice;Dec2003, Vol. 52 Issue 12, p965 

    This family medicine practice alert focuses on three prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. Nucleic acid amplification tests facilitate screening and diagnosis of chlamydia and gonorrhea with a urine sample. A variety of single-dose...

  • The use of Medicinal Plants for the treatment of Gonorrhoea and Syphilis in South West Bengal of India. Das, Dulal Chandra; Sinha, Nirmalya Kumar; Chattopadhyay, Jadab Chandra; Das, Monalisa; Samanta, Pradip // International Journal of Phytomedicine;2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p14 

    Gonorrhoea and Syphilis as Sexually Transmitted Infections occur throughout the world. In India the prevalence of these diseases are in alarming situation due to the rapid spread of the diseases, high cost of treatment and the increased risk of transmission. Current therapies available for...

  • AHF Opens Wellness Center in South Beach Offering Free HIV & STD Testing.  // Biomedical Market Newsletter;3/14/2012, Vol. 21, p1 

    The article reports on the opening of ninth AIDS Healthcare Foundation's (AHF's) Wellness Center in the U.S. It is mentioned that this center is providing free medical screening and testing of sexually-transmitted disease (STD) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It is further stated that...

  • Recommended Treatment Schedules for Gonorrhea.  // Annals of Internal Medicine;Jun72, Vol. 76 Issue 6, p991 

    Offers ideas on treating gonorrhea, a type of sexually transmitted disease. Treatment of patients exposed to gonorrhea; Medicines prescribed for gonorrhea; Complications of the disease.

  • Azithromycin for Treatment of Incubating Syphilis. Sadovsky, Richard // American Family Physician;2/1/2000, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p814 

    Discusses research on the use of azithromycin for treatment of incubating syphilis. Reference to a study by E. W. Hook 3rd, et al., from the September 21, 1999 issue of the `Annals of Internal Medicine'; Significance of preventive therapy during incubation period of syphilis; Effectiveness of...

  • Gonorrhea treatment guidelines in Canada: 2004 update. Mann, Janice; Kropp, Rhonda; Wong, Tom; Venne, Sylvie; Romanowski, Barbara // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;11/23/2004, Vol. 171 Issue 11, p1345 

    Presents an update on the guidelines for gonorrhea treatment in Canada in 2004. Areas and populations for which fluoroquinolones are not recommended for the treatment of the disease; Treatment recommended for urethral, endocervical, rectal or pharyngeal gonorrhea in patients 9 years of age and...

  • Gonorrhoea treatment position statement. Fifer, Helen; Hughes, Gwenda; Radcliffe, Keith // Sexually Transmitted Infections;Aug2015, Vol. 91 Issue 5, p307 

    The article focuses on the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) gonorrhea treatment guidelines, which was changed to ceftriaxone in combination with azithromycin as first-line therapy in 2011. The Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance Programme revealed that the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics