Cancer Incidence in New York State Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Patients

Gallagher, Brian; Zhengyan Wang; Schymura, Maria J.; Kahn, Amy; Fordyce, E. James
September 2001
American Journal of Epidemiology;Sep2001, Vol. 154 Issue 6, p544
Academic Journal
To identify cancers that occur at higher rates in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, the cancer experience of New York State (NYS) AIDS patients aged 15–69 years who were diagnosed between 1981 and 1994 was compared with that of the NYS general population. Sex and HIV risk group-specific standardized incidence ratios (SIRs), post-AIDS relative risks, and trends of relative risks were calculated to determine cancer risk. Among non-AIDS-related cancers, elevated SIRs were found for Hodgkin's disease (male, 8.0; female, 6.4; heterosexually infected males, 31.3); cancer of the rectum, rectosigmoid, and anus (male, 3.3; female, 3.0); trachea, bronchus, and lung (male, 3.3; female, 7.5); and brain and central nervous system (male, 3.1; female, 3.4; heterosexually infected females, 23.8) cancers. Moreover, significant trends of increasing relative risks from the pre-AIDS to the post-AIDS period were found for cancers of the rectum, rectosigmoid, and anus; trachea, bronchus, and lung; skin; and connective tissues (all sites, p < 0.05) among males. For AIDS-related cancers in women, invasive cervical cancer had an overall SIR of 9.1 (95% confidence interval: 6.9, 10.8) and a post-AIDS relative risk of 6.5 (95% confidence interval: 4.1, 9.7). This population-based registry linkage analysis evaluates cancer risk in AIDS patients by sex and risk factors and adds evidence that HIV-associated immunosuppression increases the risks of specific types of cancer.


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