TITLE

KOMPETENCIJŲ UGDYMAS: IŠŠŪKIAI IR GALIMYBĖS

AUTHOR(S)
Motiejūnienė, Elena; Žadeikaitė, Loreta
PUB. DATE
September 2009
SOURCE
Pedagogy Studies / Pedagogika;2009, Issue 95, p86
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to analyse and discus the most important changes of the National Curriculum Framework and the fulfilled actions during twenty years of educational reform and discuss how the curriculum for general education should reflect modern education goals oriented towards the development of personal competences. The article points out the Strategy for Developing, Evaluating, Renewing, and Implementing of the curriculum (hereinafter - the Strategy for curriculum) as an important strategic educational papers. The Strateg y for curriculum foresees linking the curriculum with contemporary personal competences and creating a system for the renewal of the curriculum. Curriculum is considered as the definition that includes pupils' current experience, Content of the subjects teaching curricula, teaching and learning methodologies, context, methods for assessing the pupils' achievements and progress, and teaching / learning tools. Curriculum process is defined as the continuous development, implementation, evaluation, and renewal of curriculum at all levels of education. The Strategy for curriculum is to delineate the aims and principles of the curriculum process, the functions of educational levels, and the responsibilities in this process and to envisage the priorities, measures, and indicators of the implementation of the curriculum process. Since the beginning of the Education Reform the main attention was paid to prepare and periodically update documents that regulate the curriculum- National Curriculum Framework and education attainment standards (1994, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003). New National Curriculum Framework for primary and basic education updated in 2008 and orientated to provide possibilities for each person to acquire the key competences required for lifelong learning and to seek better learning outcomes according to his abilities. Competences are defined as a whole of knowledge, skills, attitudes in a certain field, and proven ability to fulfill tasks. New Curriculum Framework for primary and basic education updated in 2008 describes how to plan the competences as the expected outcome, the question of organization of teaching, learning and assessment processes and creation of friendly learning environment is crucial. When developing a modern curriculum, it is important to stress not the input (what to teach) but the expected outcome, i.e. what skills and attitudes students should to acquire and what competences to develop in order to successfully build up their personal life and integration into modern society. The essential changes of new curriculum are contextualization of curriculum (civic society of knowledge and market economy) and individualization of learning. The paper stresses the importance of general competences such as information technologies and professional competences according to the needs of market economy.…
ACCESSION #
45613312

 

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