TITLE

Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Infection in Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Clients

AUTHOR(S)
Lohiya, Sunita; Lohiya, Ghanshyam; Caires, Shirley
PUB. DATE
July 1986
SOURCE
American Journal of Public Health;Jul1986, Vol. 76 Issue 7, p799
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract: In 1,149 clients of an institution for the mentally retarded, the prevalences of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B virus markers were 12 per ¢ and 66 per ¢, respectively. HBsAg prevalence was higher in males, Down syndrome, ambulatory, and older clients, and those with longer institutionalization. Serum alanine aminotransferase levels were abnormal in 31 per ¢ of HBsAg positive and 10 per ¢ of HBsAg-negative clients.
ACCESSION #
4688382

 

Related Articles

  • Hepatitis B e antigen seroconversion: a critical event in chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Liaw, Yun-Fan; Lau, George K. K.; Kao, Jia-Horng; Gane, Edward // Digestive Diseases & Sciences;Oct2010, Vol. 55 Issue 10, p2727 

    Background: Replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the primary driver of disease progression and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), but other factors, such as hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status, also influence disease course. The importance of HBeAg...

  • Evaluation of Liver Biopsy in Egyptian HBeAg-Negative Chronic Hepatitis B Patients at Initial Presentation: Implications for Therapy. El-Zayadi, Abdel-Rahman; Badran, Hanaa Mostafa; Saied, Ahmed; Shawky, Sherine; Attia, Mohy El-Deen; Zalata, Khaled // American Journal of Gastroenterology (Springer Nature);Apr2009, Vol. 104 Issue 4, p906 

    OBJECTIVES:A subgroup of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA levels below the cutoff values of international guidelines may have significant liver disease and miss the opportunity for early treatment....

  • Expression of CD39 on FoxP3 T cells correlates with progression of HBV infection.  // BMC Immunology;2012, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p17 

    The article presents a study conducted by the authors related to association of CD39+ T cells, tregs with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Analysis of HBV patients was conducted to assess association of the treg with HBV copy number and the liver injury marker alanine aminotransferase (ALT)....

  • Role of CD44 in CTL-induced acute liver injury in hepatitis B virus transgenic mice. Kimura, Kiminori; Nagaki, Masahito; Saio, Masanao; Moriwaki, Hisataka; Kakimi, Kazuhiro // Journal of Gastroenterology;2009, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p218 

    There are many uncertain points regarding leukocyte movement in the liver, especially interaction between liver sinus endothelial cells (LSECs) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). We examined the role of CD44 in these interactions using the hepatitis model. CTLs were administered to hepatitis B...

  • Prediction of liver histological lesions with biochemical markers in chronic hepatitis B patients in Iran. Alavian, Seyed Moayed; Alavian, Seyed Hoda; Ashayeri, Neda; Babaei, Marziyeh; Daneshbodi, Maryam; Hajibeigi, Bashir // Gastroenterology & Hepatology from Bed to Bench;Apr2010, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p71 

    Aim: In the current study, we aimed at identifying independent laboratory parameter to predict liver damage. Background: Although liver biopsy is frequently recommended in assessing disease severity and selecting antiviral treatment candidates, it has several limitations. Patients and methods: A...

  • The Natural History and Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B: A Critical Evaluation of Standard Treatment Criteria and End Points. Ching-Lung Lai; Man-Fung Yuen // Annals of Internal Medicine;7/3/2007, Vol. 147 Issue 1, p58 

    The definite indications for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B are serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels greater than 105 copies/mL and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels more than 2 times the upper limit of normal. If cirrhosis is present, an HBV DNA level greater than 105 copies/mL is...

  • Adefovir dipivoxil monotherapy is a sufficiently effective treatment modality for Japanese patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B. Sato, Ken; Takagi, Hitoshi; Kakizaki, Satoru; Sohara, Naondo; Mori, Masatomo // Journal of Gastroenterology;Mar2006, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p283 

    The article presents a study to evaluate the efficacy of adefovir dipivoxil monotherapy for Japanese patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B. The study found that the alanine aminotransferase level in all the patients under observation decreased and normalized in 67 percent...

  • Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses and risk factors in HIV infected children at the felgehiwot referral hospital, Ethiopia. Abera, Bayeh; Zenebe, Yohanes; Mulu, Wondemagegn; Kibret, Mulugeta; Kahsu, Getachew // BMC Research Notes;2014, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Liver hepatitis due to Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV infected children and it is more severe in resource poor settings. Data on seroprevalence of HBV and HCV among HIV infected children are scarce in...

  • Liver Histology and HBV DNA Levels in Chronically HBV Infected Patients with Persistently Normal Alanine Aminotransferase. Montazeri, Ghodrate; Rahban, Maryam; Mohamadnejad, Mehdi; Zamani, Farhad; Hooshyar, Afshin; Fazlolahi, Atoosa; Abedian, Shifteh; Ghoujeghi, Farhad; Estakhri, Arezoo; Montazeri, Farhad; Razjoyan, Hadi; Mamarabadi, Mansoureh; Alimohamadi, Meysam; Tavangar, Seyed Mohamad; Malekzadeh, Reza // Archives of Iranian Medicine (AIM);May2010, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p193 

    Background: Data on histological activity and HBV DNA levels in patients with chronic HBV infection and persistently normal alanine aminotransferase levels are sparse. We aimed to investigate the histological activity and HBV DNA levels in these patients. Methods: There were 132 patients with...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics