Ankara'da Bir Anaokulunda Şişmanlık Prevelansı ve Etkileyen Etmenler

Yabancı, Nurcan; Şimşek, Işıl; İstanbulluoğlu, Hakan; Bakır, Bilal
September 2009
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin;Sep/Oct2009, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p397
Academic Journal
AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of obesity among preschool-age children and identify its associated factors. METHOD: This research has two steps, involving 375 preschool-age children ranging from 5 to 6 years-old, registered to a public kindergarten in Keçiören, Ankara. In the first step, measurements of weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were taken, body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio were calculated, BMI according to age and gender was classified considering the reference data of WHO-2007, the results were evaluated ⩾85-<95. percentile as overweight, and ⩾95. percentile as obese. In the second stage, forms prepared by the researchers were given to parents and the data obtained were assessed by statistical methods. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of overweight was 8.3%; the overall prevalence of obesity was 10.1%. The prevalence of overweight was higher in boys than in girls. The circumference of waist and hip of overweight/obese children were higher than other children (p<0.001). Negative and significant correlation was obtained (p<0.05) between the body weight and daily sportive activities of children and also between the period of exclusive breastfeeding. Moreover, positive correlation (p<0.01) was found between the body weight of children and the body weight of their parents. CONCLUSION: Obesity among preschool children is an important health problem. To evaluate obesity of children and encouraging them for having healthy eating behaviors and for doing sportive activities could contribute to prevent them to develop obesity in later ages.


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