Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding During the First Six Months of Life and its Determinant Factors on the Referring Children to the Health Centers in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran-2007

Vafaee, A.; Khabazkhoob, M.; Moradi, A.; Najafpoor, A. A.
February 2010
Journal of Applied Sciences;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p343
Academic Journal
Studies show that the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life in some regions of the world has decreased. This rate has been 28% in Iran in 2006. To determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life and its determinant factors on the referring children to the health centers in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran. Through a population-based, cross-sectional cluster sampling, 1450 seven to twelve month children from 30 clusters were chose in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran. The variables of the surveys included the information about the duration and patterns of breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices, childhood illnesses, education. The information was collected by using a questionnaire and interviewing with the mothers. The exclusive breastfeeding was defined as feeding the children with just breast milk. All variables were presented as numbers with percentage and statistical analysis was performed with the Stata 8.0. The 87.4% of mothers have intended in the study. The 51.2% were boys and 48.8% were girls. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 56.4%. The 91.7% of the studying infants were fed by their mother milk soon after being born. In the polygamous logistic regression model, the mother's age, the mother's information of milk adequacy and the relatives' suggestion to consume baby formula were the elements which had significant relation with the breastfeeding during the first six months. Almost, 43% of children had some substitutions like family foods or baby formula instead of their exclusive breastfeeding until 6th month. Considering the important role of mother milk, presenting educational plans and increasing the mothers' awareness about lactation, could be the priorities of the health ministry in children health.


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