History of Offshore Oil

June 2010
Congressional Digest;Jun2010, Vol. 89 Issue 6, p163
The article discusses the history of offshore oil drilling in the U.S. The first offshore oil rigs were built on wharfs and piers. As oil became the main energy source for the U.S., technological innovations improved oil drilling. The discovery of oil fields in the Gulf of Mexico and Prudhoe Bay in Alaska is noted. The U.S. government leased out areas of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) to oil companies. Oil spills due to offshore drilling led to the passage of environmental legislation. INSET: Outer Continental Shelf (OCS).


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