Essential Oil Composition of Leaf and Rhizome Oil of Alpinia nigra (Gaertner) B.L.Burtt. from Northeast India

Kanjilal, P. B.; Kotoky, Rumi; Couladis, Maria
July 2010
Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p358
Academic Journal
The essential oils of the leaves and rhizomes of Alpinia nigra (Gaertner) B.L.Burtt., family Zingiberaceae, were obtained by hydrodistillation and yielded 0.02% and 0.4%, respectively. The oils were analyzed for their chemical composition by capillary GC and GC/MS. A total of 18 compounds were identified representing about 96.4% of leaf and 97.8% of rhizome oils, respectively. 1,8-cineole was the major component in both leaf (25.4%) and rhizome (34%) oils. In addition, β-pinene (15.1%), camphor (15.3%), carotol (7.3%), α-pinene (7.8%) and camphene (7.0%) were also present in leaf oil, whereas in the rhizome oil a-fenchyl acetate (13.1%), a-terpineol (9.6%), b-pinene (8.1%) and camphene (7.0%) were the other main constituents.


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