TITLE

Essential Oil Composition of Leaf and Rhizome Oil of Alpinia nigra (Gaertner) B.L.Burtt. from Northeast India

AUTHOR(S)
Kanjilal, P. B.; Kotoky, Rumi; Couladis, Maria
PUB. DATE
July 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p358
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The essential oils of the leaves and rhizomes of Alpinia nigra (Gaertner) B.L.Burtt., family Zingiberaceae, were obtained by hydrodistillation and yielded 0.02% and 0.4%, respectively. The oils were analyzed for their chemical composition by capillary GC and GC/MS. A total of 18 compounds were identified representing about 96.4% of leaf and 97.8% of rhizome oils, respectively. 1,8-cineole was the major component in both leaf (25.4%) and rhizome (34%) oils. In addition, β-pinene (15.1%), camphor (15.3%), carotol (7.3%), α-pinene (7.8%) and camphene (7.0%) were also present in leaf oil, whereas in the rhizome oil a-fenchyl acetate (13.1%), a-terpineol (9.6%), b-pinene (8.1%) and camphene (7.0%) were the other main constituents.
ACCESSION #
52596104

 

Related Articles

  • Variation in the Main Components of the Essential Oils from the Leaves and Flowers of Portuguese Thymus albicans Over a Single Season. Miguel, Maria G.; Duarte, Fernanda; Venâncio, Florência; Tavares, Regina // Journal of Essential Oil Research;May/Jun2004, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p169 

    The comparison of the chemical composition of the leaf and the flower oils isolated from Thymus albicans Hoffm. et Link belonging to the 1,8-cineole chemotype, collected at Gambelas, Algarve, during the flowering phase (June to September) was carried out. The oils isolated from both the fresh...

  • Chemistry of the Australian Gymnosperms. Part IX. The Leaf Oils of the Australian Members of the Genus Callitris (Cupressaceae). Brophy, Joseph J.; Goldsack, Robert J.; Forster, Paul I.; Copeland, Lachlan M.; O'Sullivan, Wayne; Rozefelds, Andrew C. // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jan/Feb2007, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p57 

    The leaf oils of the 18 species and four subspecies of the genus Callitris endemic to Australia have been investigated by a combination of GC and GC/MS. All taxa produced oils in poor to moderate yields. Callitris baileyi produced a leaf oil in which α-pinene and limonene together,...

  • Volatile constituents of flowers and leaves of Anthemis hyalina. Ebrahim Sajjadi, S.; Mehregan, I. // Chemistry of Natural Compounds;Sep2006, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p531 

    The chemical composition of the essential oils of the flowers and leaves of Anthemis hyalina were analyzed by GC and GC-MS for the first time. The oils were found to contain seventy-two components. cis-Chrysanthenyl acetate (14.9% and 17.8%), camphor (11.6% and 1.7%), terpinen-4-ol (8.3% and...

  • Composition of the Limonene Dominated Leaf Essential Oil of Nigerian Anacardium occidentale. Moronkola, D. Olufunke; Kasali, Adeleke A.; Ekundayo, Olusegun // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jul/Aug2007, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p351 

    GC and GC/MS analyses of the fresh leaf oil of Nigerian Anacardium occidentale revealed that there were 51 components representing 99.3%. The most abundant compound was limonene (85.9%). Other major components were β-caryophyllene (1.7%), α-pinene (1.5%), α-terpineol (1.1%) and...

  • Chemical Composition of the Leaf Essential Oil of Psidium guajava L. from Taiwan. Hsin-Chun Chen; Ming-Jen Sheu; Li-Yun Lin; Chung-May Wu // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jul/Aug2007, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p345 

    The composition of the essential oil obtained from the hydrodistillation of the leaves of Psidium guajava L. was analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS. A total of 50 compounds were identified. The major constituents identified in the oil were: β-caryophyllene (27.7%), α-pinene (14.7%) and...

  • The Leaf and Female Cone Oils of Juniperus oxycedrus L. ssp. oxycedrus and J. oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa (Sibth. et Sm.) Ball. from Abruzzo. Valentini, Giuseppa; Bellomaria, Bice; Maggi, Filippo; Manzi, Aurelio // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Nov2003, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p418 

    The composition of the essential oils of the leaves and female cones of Juniperus oxycedrus L. ssp. macrocarpa (Sibth. & Sm.) Ball. and J. oxycedrus L. ssp. oxycedrus were compared. The oils were isolated by water distillation and analyzed by GC/MS. More than 60 components were identified in the...

  • Comparative Study of Essential Oil of Three Achillea Species from Serbia. Kovacevic, Nada N.; Ristic, Mihailo S.; Tasic, Slavoljub R.; Menkovic, Nebojša R.; Grubišic, Dragoljub V.; Dokovic, Dejan D. // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jan/Feb2005, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p57 

    The composition of the essential oils from herbs of Achillea alexandri-regis, A. holosericea and A. lingulata was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The predominant compounds in the oil of A. alexandri-regis were: α-pinene (14.4-15.7%), isopinocamphone (5.4-23.5%), α-phellandrene epoxide...

  • Studies on the Chemical Constituents in the Essential Oil from the Leaves of Cinnamomum bodinieri Levi. Yongming Luo; Yongdong Luo; Fangyou Chen; Hua Liu // Advanced Materials Research;2014, Vol. 1015, p373 

    Cinnamomum bodinieri Levi is a fast-growing species in tropical forests and widely distributed in southern China, Rich essential oil is in the leaves, which can be utilized as folk medicine. The chemical constituents of the essential oil obtained from the leaves of Cinnamomum bodinieri Levi were...

  • Chemical Composition of the Leaf Oils of Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt et Smith and A. purpurata (Vieill) K. Schum. From Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Victório, Cristiane P.; Leitão, Suzana G.; Lage, Celso L. S. // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Jan/Feb2010, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p52 

    Fresh leaves of Alpinia zerumbet and A. purpurata (Zingiberaceae) were collected in Rio de Janeiro city and subjected to hydrodistillation; their chemical composition was analyzed by GC/MS. These species are used as ornamental plants and in folk medicine. Variations in the leaf oils content and...

Share

Other Topics