The Explosive October Manifesto

September 2010
Russian Life;Sep/Oct2010, Vol. 53 Issue 5, p19
The article discusses the Royal Manifesto that was made public in Russia on October 17, 1905. Written by the statesman Sergei Witte, it called for the government of Tsar Nicholas II to introduce political freedoms, conduct an amnesty, and convene the State Duma. According to Witte's testimony, the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich was instrumental in getting the tsar to sign the document. In his novel "The Red Wheel," writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn criticized the manifesto as being impulsive and ill-conceived.


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