Decentralized energy planning through a case study of a typical village in India

Hiremath, R. B.; Kumar, Bimlesh; Deepak, P.; Balachandra, P.; Ravindranath, N. H.; Raghunandan, B. N.
July 2009
Journal of Renewable & Sustainable Energy;Jul2009, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p043103
Academic Journal
Decentralizedenergy planning (DEP) is in the interest of efficient utilization of resources. DEP is one of the options to meet the rural and small scale energy needs in a reliable, affordable, and environmentally sustainable way. The main aspect of the energy planning at the decentralized level would be to prepare an area-based DEP to meet energy needs and development of alternate energy sources at least cost to the economy and environment. The geographical coverage and scale reflect the level at which the analysis takes place, which is an important factor in determining the structure of models. DEP planning involves multiple objectives and different kinds of constraints. The present work presents the methodology for the DEP. The kinds of objective functions and constraints which have to be included in the DEP have been presented in the present work. Decentralized planning involves scaling down energy planning to subnational or regional scales. Energy planning at the village level is the lowest level of the application of decentralized planning principle and district is the uppermost level. The present work for the analysis of DEP at the village level has considered different scenarios. Conflicting objectives are considered in the implementation of DEP at the village level. This implementation has been shown through a case study done in a village named Ungra in the Tumkur district from the Karnataka state in India. DEP is assessed with the help of field studies, available data, and decentralized energy modeling. Through DEP energy demand at 2020 has been presented for the Ungra village.


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