TITLE

Evaluation of Calypte AWARE HIV-1/2 OMT antibody test as a screening test in an Indian setting

AUTHOR(S)
Ingole, N. A.; Mehta, P. R.; Bande, R. N.; Paranjpe, S. M.; Wanjare, S. W.
PUB. DATE
October 2010
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Oct2010, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p295
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Integrated counselling and testing centres (ICTC) provide counselling and blood testing facilities for HIV diagnosis. Oral fluid tests provide an alternative for people whodo not want blood to be drawn. Also, it avoids the risk of occupational exposure. The goal of this study was to evaluate the utility of Calypte AWARE HIV-1/2 OMT antibody test as a screening test in an Indian setting. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out after ethics committee approval in 250 adult ICTC clients. Blood was collected and tested from these clients for HIV diagnosis as per routine policy and the results were considered as the gold standard. Also, after another written informed consent, oral fluid was collected from the clients and tested for the presence of HIV antibodies. Twenty five clients who had and 25 clients who had not completed their secondary school education (Group A and Group B, respectively) were also asked to perform and interpret the test on their own and their findings and experiences were noted. Result: The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of the oral fluid antibody test were 100%, 98.51%, 94.11% and 100%, respectively. Seventy six percent of clients preferred oral fluid testing. Group B found it difficult to perform the test as compared to Group A and this difference was statistically significant (P ⩽ 0.05). Conclusion: Oral fluid testing can be used as a screening test for HIV diagnosis; however, confirmation of reactive results by blood-based tests is a must..
ACCESSION #
55249684

 

Related Articles

  • A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards premarital carrier screening among adults attending primary healthcare centers in a region in Oman. Al-Farsi, Omar A.; Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Gupta, Ishita; Ouhtit, Allal; Al-Farsi, Khalil S.; Al-Adawi, Samir // BMC Public Health;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Despite that hereditary diseases are widespread among the Arab population due to high rates of consanguineous marriages, research regarding community awareness towards premarital carrier screening in some countries such as Oman, is extremely scarce. This study aimed to investigate...

  • Desire for Anonymity Confirmed. Helquist, Michael // Advocate;9/1/87, Issue 480, p23 

    Reports on the finding that three fourths of people tested for the HIV antibody in San Francisco, California may not have taken the test if anonymity had not been guaranteed. Reasons for taking the antibody test.

  • The Prevalence and Clinical Study of Galactosemia Disease in a Pilot Screening Program of Neonates, Southern Iran. Senemar, S.; Ganjekarimi, A. H.; Tarami, B.; Bazrgar, M. // Iranian Journal of Public Health;2011, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p99 

    The article discusses a study to examine the epidemiology of newborns' galactosemia to specify whether screening was necessary for Iranian newborns or not and to identify the symptoms of this disease before or after diet. The study revealed that consanguineous marriage was considered the cause...

  • Patient's dissatisfaction with the public and private laboratory services in conducting HIV related testing in Tanzania. Mfinanga, S. G.; Kahwa, A.; Kimaro, G.; Kilale, A.; Kivuyo, S.; Senkoro, M.; Ngowi, B.; Mtandu, R.; Mutayoba, B.; Ngadaya, E.; Mashoto, K. // BMC Health Services Research;2008, Vol. 8, Special section p1 

    Background: Patient's satisfaction with both private and public laboratory services is important for the improvement of the health care delivery in any country. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 24 randomly selected health facilities with laboratories that are conducting HIV...

  • Availability of supplies and motivations for accessing voluntary HIV counseling and testing services in Blantyre, Malawi. Jereni, Bwanali H.; Muula, Adamson S. // BMC Health Services Research;2008, Vol. 8, Special section p1 

    Background: HIV counseling and testing is an important intervention in the prevention, control and management of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Counseling and testing can be an entry point for prevention, care and support. Knowledge of the quality of services and motivations for testing...

  • Cheaper diagnostics. Kondro, Wayne // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;7/12/2011, Vol. 183 Issue 10, pE654 

    The article reports on the initiative to push for cheaper diagnostics of HIV and AIDS testing in poor countries.

  • Don't forget the over 60s. Hewitt, Patricia; Chapman, Catherine; Anand, Rekha; Hewson, Nicola; Brailsford, Su; Tedder, Richard // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;7/16/2011, Vol. 343 Issue 7815, p109 

    No abstract available.

  • Increasing late diagnosis in HIV infection in South Korea: 2000-2007. Jin-Hee Lee; Gab Jung Kim; Byeong-Sun Choi; Kee-Jong Hong; Mi-Kyung Heo; Sung Soon Kim; Mee-Kyung Kee // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p411 

    Background: The number of Koreans diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections is increasing annually; however, CD4+ T-cell counts at diagnosis have decreased. The purpose of the present study was to identify clinical and epidemiologic associations with low CD4+ T-cell counts at...

  • State Dept., Job Corps Propose Mandatory HIV Testing. Walter, Dave // Advocate;2/3/87, Issue 465, p17 

    Reports on gay legal activists' opposition to proposals by the U.S. government for mandatory HIV antibody testing. Separate blood testing programs announced by the U.S. Department of Labor and the U.S. State Department; Legislators who characterized the programs as without medical justification...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics