Do Gun Buybacks Save Lives? Evidence from Panel Data

Leigh, Andrew; Neill, Christine
September 2010
American Law & Economics Review;Fall2010, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p462
Academic Journal
In 1997, Australia implemented a gun buyback program that reduced the stock of firearms by around one-fifth (and nearly halved the number of gun-owning households). Using differences across states, we test whether the reduction in firearms availability affected homicide and suicide rates. We find that the buyback led to a drop in the firearm suicide rates of almost 80%, with no significant effect on non-firearm death rates. The effect on firearm homicides is of similar magnitude but is less precise. The results are robust to a variety of specification checks and to instrumenting the state-level buyback rate.


Related Articles

  • From the Editor. Enriquez, Roger // Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice;2010, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p183 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one by Doctors Clark, Boccaccini, and Turner on the extent of juries' disposition to question confession evidence validity, one by Doctor Altheimer on the impact of gun availability on gun-related crimes in cross-national...

  • Schemes to collect and destroy handguns help to cut homicide rate in crime ridden countries. Zarocostas, John // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;7/18/2009, Vol. 339 Issue 7713, p129 

    The article reports on a survey carried out by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland which indicated that initiatives to collect and destroy handguns and other small arms in countries with high rates of homicides such as Brazil and South Africa...

  • CRIME AS OPPORTUNITY: A Test of the Hypothesis with European Homicide Rates. Lester, David // British Journal of Criminology;Spring91, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p186 

    A study of European nations indicated that, where firearm availability, as measured by the percentage of suicides using firearms and by the firearm accidental death rate, was greater, then the firearm homicide rate was higher. The lack o fan association between firearm availability and the...

  • Louisiana ranks No. 2 in African-American killings.  // New Orleans CityBusiness (1994 to 2008);2/5/2007, Vol. 27 Issue 29, p11 

    The article reports that Louisiana ranks number two in the rate of African-American homicides. According to the Violence Policy Center, firearms were used in most of the 6,644 African-American slayings in the country. Pennsylvania ranked number one with 29.56 homicides per 100,000...

  • Investigating the Effect of Social Changes on Age-Specific Gun-Related Homicide Rates in New York City During the 1990s. Cerd´a, Magdalena; Messner, Steven F.; Tracy, Melissa; Vlahov, David; Goldmann, Emily; Tardiff, Kenneth J.; Galea, Sandro // American Journal of Public Health;Jun2010, Vol. 100 Issue 6, p1107 

    Objectives. We assessed whether New York City's gun-related homicide rates in the 1990s were associated with a range of social determinants of homicide rates. Methods. We used cross-sectional time-series data for 74 New York City police precincts from 1990 through 1999, and we estimated Bayesian...

  • Guns and crime.  // FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin;Jun96, Vol. 65 Issue 6, p21 

    Introduces the report `Guns Used in Crime' from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

  • The President's Radio Address. Clinton, William J. // Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents;3/29/99, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p488 

    Presents the text of a radio address given by United States President Bill Clinton on March 20, 1999 which deals with the prevention of gun violence and crime.

  • Memorandum on Deterring and Reducing Gun Crime. Clinton, William J. // Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents;3/29/99, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p489 

    Presents the text of a speech given by United States President Bill Clinton on March 20, 1999 which deals with the strategies to reduce gun crime.

  • New gun trade: turning them in. Scherer, Ron; LaFranchi, Howard // Christian Science Monitor;5/4/2000, Vol. 92 Issue 114, p1 

    Reports on the growing popularity of gun buyback programs, and the reasons that they do not reduce violence which include the fact that criminals do not turn in their guns.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics