TITLE

Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome presenting as chylothorax in a patient with HIV and Mycobacterium tuberculosis coinfection: a case report

AUTHOR(S)
Jiun-Nong Lin; Chung-Hsu Lai; Yen-Hsu Chen; Lin-Li Chang; Susan Shin-Jung Lee; Hsi-Hsun Lin
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Infectious Diseases;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p321
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at risk for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) coinfection. The advent of antiretroviral therapy restores immunity in HIV-infected patients, but predisposes patients to immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). Case Presentation: A 25-year-old HIV-infected male presented with fever, productive cough, and body weight loss for 2 months. His CD4 cell count was 11 cells/μl and HIV-1 viral load was 315,939 copies/ml. Antituberculosis therapy was initiated after the diagnosis of pulmonary TB. One week after antituberculosis therapy, antiretroviral therapy was started. However, multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathies and chylothorax developed. Adequate drainage of the chylothorax, suspension of antiretroviral therapy, and continued antituberculosis therapy resulted in successful treatment and good outcome. Conclusions: Chylothorax is a rare manifestation of TB-associated IRIS in HIV-infected patients. Careful monitoring for development of IRIS during treatment of HIV-TB coinfection is essential to minimize the associated morbidity and mortality.
ACCESSION #
55563708

 

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