Malnutrition: causes and consequences

Saunders, John; Smith, Trevor
December 2010
Clinical Medicine;Dec2010, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p624
Academic Journal
The article offers clinical information on malnutrition, an under-recognized and undertreated problem that maybe caused by a disease. Malnutrition can result from reduced dietary intake, decreased absorption of macro- and micronutrients, altered nutritional requirements and increased energy expenditure. Its consequences include decrease in muscle function, changes in pancreatic exocrine function and intestinal blood flow, increased risk of infection and depression and anxiety. Patients at risk of malnutrition can be identified at an early stage using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST). The article also cites the initiatives launched to enhance nutritional care.


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