TITLE

Agronomic and physiological performances of different species of Miscanthus, a major energy crop. A review

AUTHOR(S)
Zub, H.W.; Brancourt-Hulmel, M.
PUB. DATE
April 2010
SOURCE
Agronomy for Sustainable Development (EDP Sciences);Apr2010, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p201
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The European Union recommends the use of lignocellulosic biomass to produce biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Miscanthus × giganteus, aC4 perennial and rhizomatous plant, has been identified as a good candidate for biomass production because of its high potential yield, of up to 49 t DM.ha-1 for autumn harvest and 26 t DM.ha-1 for winter harvest, under low input levels. Here, we review current knowledge on the biomass production in Europe of M × giganteus and its two parental species, M. sinensis and M. sacchariflorus, under different stress conditions. This review identifies two key areas where M. giganteus crops could be improved: (i) tolerance to frost during winter or early spring is essential, mainly in Northern Europe, in order to ensure overwintering and protect young shoots following early emergence. Susceptibility to winter frost at temperatures below -3.5 °C for rhizomes and -8 °C for young shoots of M. × giganteus can lead to significant plant losses and lower yields, and (ii) a good water supply is necessary to ensure good establishment rates and satisfactory biomass production. Reductions of up to 84% in above-ground dry matter production because of a lack of water for the autumn harvest, and up to 26% for the winter harvest have been observed. M. sinensis, which displays greater genetic variability than M. giganteus, will provide the necessary genetic resources for frost and water stress tolerance. It is also necessary to either identify genotypes among M. sinensis species that are able to produce an above-ground biomass yield close to the biomass production of M. giganteus under limited water supplies and/or low temperatures, or to generate new interspecific hybrids of M. giganteus with greater tolerance. Particular attention should be paid to nitrogen response; although no response to nitrogen supply has been observed in M. giganteus, M. sinensis produces higher levels of biomass with nitrogen inputs.
ACCESSION #
59208164

 

Related Articles

  • Effects of process parameters and selective heating on microwave pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass for biochar production. Dutta, Baishali; Gariepy, Yvan; Raghavan, G. S. Vijaya // Canadian Biosystems Engineering;2015, Vol. 57, p3.23 

    Biochar has successfully emerged as a solid biofuel to address the concerns of greenhouse gas emissions. This research investigated microwave pyrolysis of maple wood in a laboratory-scale microwave pyrolysis reactor to study the effects of final pyrolysis temperature, holding time and selective...

  • As Biofuel, Miscanthus Uses Less Land Than Corn.  // Hay & Forage Grower (Penton Media, Inc.);Aug2008, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p35 

    The article focuses on the study led by crop scientist Stephen Long on the use of miscanthus as a biofuel source. Long said that on the use of miscanthus, the amount of biomass generated each year would allow to produce about two and a half times the amount of ethanol can produce per acre of...

  • Phytosequestration: Carbon Biosequestration by Plants and the Prospects of Genetic Engineering. Jansson, Christer; Wullschleger, Stan D.; Kalluri, Udaya C.; Tuskan, Gerald A. // BioScience;Oct2010, Vol. 60 Issue 9, p685 

    Photosynthetic assimilation of atmospheric carbon dioxide by land plants offers the underpinnings for terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration. A proportion of the C captured in plant biomass is partitioned to roots, where it enters the pools of soil organic C and soil inorganic C and can be...

  • HEAT OF COMBUSTION OF HEMP AND BRIQUETTES MADE OF HEMP SHIVES. Kolodziej, Jacek; Wladyka - Przybylak, Maria; Mankowski, Jerzy; Grabowska, Lidia // Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference on Renewa;2012, p163 

    The hemp straw production gives 25 % of fibre and 75% of shives. The research, conducted by the Institute of Natural Fibres & Medicinal Plants in Poznan, proved high energetic value (about 18 MJ kg-1) of shives used for briquettes production, which does not require additional drying. A shives...

  • Greenhouse Gas Potentials of Shrub Willow Biomass Crops Based on Below- and Aboveground Biomass Inventory Along a 19-Year Chronosequence. Pacaldo, Renato; Volk, Timothy; Briggs, Russell // BioEnergy Research;Mar2013, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p252 

    Shrub willow biomass crops (SWBC) have been developed as a biomass feedstock for bioenergy, biofuels, and bioproducts in the northeastern and midwestern USA as well as in Europe. A previous life cycle analysis in North America showed that the SWBC production system is a low-carbon fuel source....

  • Evaluation of the Effect of Agricultural Management on Energy Yield and Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction of Bioenergy Production Chains. Conijn, Sjaak; Corré, Wim; Langeveld, Hans; Davies, Jacques // Natural Resources (2158-706X);May2014, Vol. 5 Issue 7, p322 

    The role of energy crops in reducing fossil energy use and greenhouse gas emission is much debated. To improve decision making on the use of crops for producing bioenergy, a tool (Energy Crop Simulation Model or E-CROP) has been developed to calculate 1) sustainable crop dry matter yield levels...

  • Melchett: Biofuel fever a threat to food security.  // Farmers Weekly;2/2/2007, Vol. 146 Issue 5, p18 

    The article reports on the claim of Soil Association policy director Peter Melchett that the global enthusiasm for biofuels will threaten future food security. Melchett explained that greenhouse gas emissions from transport will only be reduced by 1% or 2% if 18% of arable land in the European...

  • CONDITIONS OF BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY GENERATION PURPOSES IN POLAND. Bielski, Stanisław // Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia;2011, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p238 

    The issue of production of raw materials for energy generation on agricultural areas is a multileveled issue (the economic, social, environmental and other aspects should be considered). Plantations of energetic plants that represent an important component in satisfying the increasing demand for...

  • Biomass Pyrolysis Solids as Reducing Agents: Comparison with Commercial Reducing Agents. Adrados, Aitziber; De Marco, Isabel; López-Urionabarrenechea, Alexander; Solar, Jon; Caballero, Blanca M.; Gastelu, Naia // Materials (1996-1944);2016, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p3 

    Biomass is one of the most suitable options to be used as renewable energy source due to its extensive availability and its contribution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass under appropriate conditions (slow heating rate and high temperatures) can produce a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics