Prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en adultos españoles

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, E.; López-Plaza, B.; López-Sobaler, A. Ma.; Ortega, R. Ma.
March 2011
Nutricion Hospitalaria;mar/abr2011, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p355
Aim: to assess the prevalence of excess weight and obesity in Spanish adults and to know the current situation and its evolution in the last years. Material and methods: The study involved 418 subjects (196 men and 222 women) from 18 to 60 years, who were selected to constitute a representative sample of the Spanish population as a whole. Sanitary, socioeconomic and anthropometric (weight, height, waist circumference and percentage of body fat by bioimpedance) data was collected. Body Mass Index and waist-height ratio were calculated. Results: The prevalence of excess weight was 34.2%, 43.9% in men and 25.7% in women, and the prevalence of obesity was 13.6% (it was similar in men and women). 47.8% of the population had excess body weight and 70.2% excess body fat; these parameters were higher in men than in women and they increased with age. 22.2% of the population had central obesity (taking waist circumference as a reference) and 54.7% had central obesity and high cardiovascular risk (because waist/height was = 0.5); both parameters were higher in men than in women. Conclusion: Excess weight and obesity prevalence among the Spanish population is very high, and more than the half of the population is at risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, the situation is worse than a few years ago, so it is necessary to continue working to decrease the prevalence of excess weight and obesity among the Spanish population.


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