TITLE

NUTRITION IN HIV: A REVIEW

AUTHOR(S)
Houtzager, L. M.
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Benin Journal of Postgraduate Medicine;2009, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p62
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
relationship between the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), nutritional status, treatment, food and nutrition interventions continues to accumulate. This article provides an overview of the main nutrition related issues for people living with HIV (PLHIV) and a review of the potential benefits of nutrition interventions for people affected by HIV. Nutrition plays a vital role in the immune system of all people, including (PLHIV). Good nutrition strengthens the immune system, while HIV infection and poor nutrition have a cumulative effect in damaging it. PLHIV are more vulnerable to malnutrition than the general population and nutritional status is a good predictor of their mortality risk. Malnutrition in PLHIV often occurs in a background of poverty and lack of access to food. It is not always possible to identify one single cause as the main contributor to declining nutritional status or malnutrition in HIV. Inadequate food intake, increased requirements and malabsorption are the main reasons for weight loss in PLHIV. Asymptomatic adults with HIV infection have a 10% higher energy requirement and symptomatic PLHIV have 20-30% higher energy requirements than the general population. Kilojoule/kilocalorie requirements increase by 50-100% in children experiencing weight loss. Evidence for increasing protein and micronutrient intake in healthy PLHIV is inadequate. Nutritional education should be an essential component of HIV care and treatment, as it can help PLHIV cope with symptoms of disease, prevent weight loss and manage side effects of medication. In resource limited settings, food support programs may be required in addition to nutrition support to optimise nutritional status and health outcomes in PLHIV who are food insecure.
ACCESSION #
62090661

 

Related Articles

  • The Interrelationship Between Nutrition and the Immune System in HIV Infection: A Review. Oguntibeju, O. O.; Van den Heever, W. M. J.; Van Schalkwyk, F. E. // Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences;2007, Vol. 10 Issue 24, p4327 

    Available scientific evidence has revealed that macronutrients and micronutrients are critical for fighting HIV-infection, because they are required by the immune system and major organs to attack infectious pathogens, HIV inclusive. It is believed that weight gain or maintenance might be...

  • Living with HIV Disease. Hain, Danielle // Living with HIV: A Guide for Seropositive People;1/1/2007, p1 

    The article offers information on HIV for seropositive people, as well as developments on drugs and steps to maintain a healthy lifestyle for those with and without HIV. The syndrome begins with an initial infection by the virus, which attacks cells in the body's immune system. It stresses that...

  • HIV-free survival and morbidity among formula-fed infants in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program in rural Haiti.  // AIDS Research & Therapy;2011, Vol. 8, p37 

    The article reports on a study conducted to assess HIV-free survival and prevalence of diarrhea and malnutrition among infants in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV program in rural Haiti. It states household surveys for each pair and at control households matched by...

  • Chapter 49: Pediatric HIV Infection. Hadigan, Colleen // Nutrition in Pediatrics: Basic Science & Clinical Applications;2008, p549 

    Chapter 49 of the book "Nutrition in Pediatrics: Basic Science & Clinical Applications" is presented. It provides information on pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the associations between nutrition and HIV. Information on treatment to HIV is presented. The relationship...

  • Positive Nutrition for HIV Infection and AIDS. Shevitz, Abby; Bell, Stacey J.; Armour Forse, R. // Nutrition in Clinical Care;Jan/Feb2000, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p54 

    Positive Nutrition for HIV Infection and AIDS provides straightforward and much-needed advice to patients and health care providers on a variety of topics in nutritional health related to HIV infection. Despite a huge volume of popular literature dedicated to HIV disease, there has been a lack...

  • Nutritional care of HIV-positive individuals. Gloeckner, Janet W.; Kaisth, Sandeep Kaur // American Journal of Health Studies;1997, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p128 

    Focuses on nutrition intervention in the care of persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Factors that contribute to malnutrition; Suggestions for increasing energy and protein intakes; Minimization of effects of disease complications; Improvement of food safety.

  • Nutritional status of adult inpatients in Bujumbura, Burundi (impact of HIV infection). Niyongabo, T.; Henzel, D. // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Jul1999, Vol. 53 Issue 7, p579 

    Presents information on a study which analyzed the characteristics and causes of malnutrition among inpatients in an HIV endemic area in Bujumbura, Burundi. Methodology; Results and conclusions.

  • Recommendations from SPNS/GEAM/SENBA/SENPE/AEDN/SEDCA/GESIDA on nutrition in the HIV-infected patient. Polo, R.; Gómez-Candela, C.; Miralles, C.; Locutura, J.; Álvarez, J.; Barreiro, F.; Bellido, D.; Câncer, E.; Cánoves, D.; Domingo, P.; Estrada, V.; Fumaz, C. R.; Galindo, M. J.; García-Benayas, T.; Iglesias, C.; Irles, J. A.; Jiménez-Nacher, I.; Lozano, F.; Marqués, I.; Martínez-Álvarez, J. R. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;mar/abr2007, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p229 

    Objective: to make recommendations on the approach to nutritional problems (malnutrition, cachexia, micronutrient deficiency, obesity, lipodystrophy) affecting HIV-infected patients. Methods: these recommendations have been agreed upon by a group of expertes in the nutrition and care of...

  • NUTRITION AND PATIENTS WITH HIV/AIDS. Stojanović, Dušica; Marković, Danica; Kocić, Gordana // Acta Medica Medianae;Sep2011, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p63 

    Immune status of an individual depends on the organism's nutritional status as well as on the choice of nutrients that enter the body. Malnutrition and HIV progression are closely linked and require an active cooperation between infectious disease physicians and nutritionist. It has been noticed...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics