TITLE

PEMFC Application in a Gliding Arc Plasam-Catalysis Reforming System Using Biogas

AUTHOR(S)
Mun Sup Lim; Young Nam Chun
PUB. DATE
May 2011
SOURCE
Energy & Power Engineering;May2011, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p158
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this study, bio-waste gas is converted to sustainable hydrogen energy in good quality and low pollution. In addition, generated highly concentrated hydrogen is applied to fuel cell (PEMFC) to resolve environmental and energy crisis issue via gliding arc plasma system. Parameters that can affect the reforming performance of bio-gas in gliding arc plasma system were studied. Especially, the optimal operating condition in water gas shift reactor and preferential oxidation reactor for CO removal was proposed. For the parametric researches, change in steam feed amount and temperature change in catalyst bed in water gas shift reactor were studied. For the preferential oxidation reactor, air input flow rate change and temperature variation in catalyst bed were evaluated. The optimal operating conditions for gliding arc plasma reforming system are proposed as 6 : 4 of biogas component ratio (i.e., CH4 : CO), 3 of steam/carbon ratio, 16 L/min of total gas flow rate, and 2.4 kW of input electric power. Where, the concentration of biogas that passed each reactor shows 57.5% of H2, 7 ppm of CO, 9.2% of CO2, and 3.4% of CH4. Therefore, less than 10 ppm of CO is achieved, and this system can be applicable for PEMFC.
ACCESSION #
63890677

 

Related Articles

  • Mechanism of CO preferential oxidation catalyzed by CuPt ( n = 3-12): a DFT study. Dong, Xiaona; Guo, Ling; Wen, Caixia; Ren, Ningning; Cao, Zhaoru; Liu, Naying // Research on Chemical Intermediates;Dec2015, Vol. 41 Issue 12, p10049 

    The CO preferential oxidation reaction (PROX) is particularly well suited for hydrogen purification for proton exchange membrane fuel cell applications. In this work, the mechanism of CO-PROX catalyzed by CuPt ( n = 3-12) clusters has been studied by density functional theory calculations. The...

  • Synthesis of Trimethyl Borate: as a Starting Material in Production of Sodium Borohydride (NaBH4) Hydrogen Storage Medium. Yilmaz, M. Sari; Piskin, S. // International Review of Chemical Engineering - Rapid Communicati;Mar2010, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p319 

    Continues decrease in quantity of the fossil fuel and undesired environmental effects by their usage in energy production made it compulsory going towards to newer and clearer energy production resources. When hydrogen was compared to the recent systems in aspects of cost, environmental effects...

  • CONVENTIONAL ETHANOL REFORMING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN. Tayade, Prashant; Sapkal, Vilas; Rode, Chandrasekhar; Sapkal, Rajendra // International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology;Mar2012, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p436 

    In the unsafe horizon of pollution, global warming, and energy crises, all resulted owing to the fossil fuels, hydrogen fuel obtained by steam reforming of bio-derived ethanol (bioethanol), can be a strong candidate as a clean energy carrier based on the renewable sources of energy. In this...

  • Simulation of Dynamic Response of Small Wind-Photovoltaic-Fuel Cell Hybrid Energy System. Esmaeili, Saeid; Shafiee, Mehdi // Smart Grid & Renewable Energy;Aug2012, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p194 

    Renewable energy systems are of importance as being modular, nature-friendly and domestic. Among renewable energy systems, a great deal of research has been conducted especially on photovoltaic effect, wind energy and fuel cell in the recent years. This paper describes dynamic modeling and...

  • PEM Fuel Cells for Energy Production in Solar Hydrogen Systems. Panayiotou, Gregoris P.; Kalogirou, Soteris A.; Tassou, Savvas A. // Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering;Nov2010, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p226 

    The main barrier for the widespread use of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) systems is their variability and dependence on environmental conditions. Due to this problem the aspect of energy storage becomes more and more important and the prospect of using hydrogen as an energy carrier in order to...

  • Design and Implementation of an Interleaved Boost DC-DC Converter for PEM Fuel Cells. Sakda Somkun; Chatchai Sirisamphanwong; Sukruedee Sukchai // Applied Mechanics & Materials;2014, Issue 666, p87 

    This paper elaborates a design and implementation of a 2-phase interleaved boost DC-DC converter as the power conditioning circuit for PEM fuel cells. The converter ripple current is analyzed so as to determine the inductance value, which would draw the fuel cell ripple current less than 4 % of...

  • Efficient polymer solar cells employing a non-conjugated small-molecule electrolyte. Ouyang, Xinhua; Peng, Ruixiang; Ai, Ling; Zhang, Xingye; Ge, Ziyi // Nature Photonics;Aug2015, Vol. 9 Issue 8, p520 

    Polymer solar cells have drawn a great deal of attention due to the attractiveness of their use in renewable energy sources that are potentially lightweight and low in cost. Recently, numerous significant research efforts have resulted in polymer solar cells with power conversion efficiencies in...

  • Renewable Energy Drives Lab Gas Generation. Speranza, John // Laboratory Equipment;Mar2013 Supplement, p17 

    The article focuses on the technological innovations in renewable energy which influences the use of hydrogen gas generators at scientific laboratories in the U.S. The use of Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells and hydrogen generations in various renewable energy initiatives is...

  • Pipe dreams. Hibbert, Lee // Professional Engineering;May2014, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p51 

    The article focuses on the gas grid technology of British energy storage solution company ITM Power that can store significant supplies of renewable energy. Statements from the company's chief executive Graham Cooley are mentioned. Topics include ITM's proton exchange membrane electrolyser,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics