TITLE

Stimulus-specific learning: disrupting the bow effect in absolute identification

AUTHOR(S)
Dodds, Pennie; Donkin, Christopher; Brown, Scott; Heathcote, Andrew; Marley, A.
PUB. DATE
August 2011
SOURCE
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Aug2011, Vol. 73 Issue 6, p1977
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The bow effect is ubiquitous in standard absolute identification experiments; stimuli at the center of the stimulus-set range elicit slower and less accurate responses than do others. This effect has motivated various theoretical accounts of performance, often involving the idea that end-of-range stimuli have privileged roles. Two other phenomena (practice effects and improved performance for frequently-presented stimuli) have an important but less explored consequence for the bow effect: Standard within-subjects manipulations of set size could disrupt the bow effect. We found this disruption for stimulus types that support practice effects (line length and tone frequency), suggesting that the bow effect is more fragile than has been thought. Our results also have implications for theoretical accounts of absolute identification, which currently do not include mechanisms for practice effects, and provide results consistent with those in the literature on stimulus-specific learning.
ACCESSION #
63899267

 

Related Articles

  • Temporal-order judgment of visual and auditory stimuli: modulations in situations with and without stimulus discrimination. Hendrich, Elisabeth; Strobach, Tilo; Buss, Martin; Müller, Hermann J.; Schubert, Torsten // Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience;Aug2012, Vol. 6, p1 

    Temporal-order judgment (TOJ) tasks are an important paradigm to investigate processing times of information in different modalities. There are a lot of studies on how temporal order decisions can be influenced by stimuli characteristics. However, so far it has not been investigated whether the...

  • The Roots of Visual Literacy: Reflections on an Historical Perspective. Velders, Teun // Journal of Visual Literacy;Spring2000, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p1 

    This paper examines the meaning of the term "visual literacy" and its relationship to media education and the environment. To a certain extent everyone who has learned to look is visually literate. The historical roots of the term trace back through time immemorial as the concept has been...

  • Culture, Visual Literacy and Literacy Training in Nepal. Dambekalns, Lydia // Journal of Visual Literacy;Spring2000, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p19 

    This paper examines the ways visual literacy, verbal literacy, and everyday living intersect in the small Himalayan kingdom of Nepal. Is visual literacy a part of literacy training in developing nations? Is art a function only of a privileged society? Two model literacy programs using...

  • The Cultural Dimension of Image Readability. Gaede, Rolf J. // Journal of Visual Literacy;Spring2000, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p73 

    This article focuses on the role that cultural bias plays in lowering the readability of an instructional illustration. Taking theoretical frameworks by Lanrz (19%) and Mody (1991) as a point of departure. the various approaches that the producer of an illustration can follow in order to reduce...

  • Beyond Visual Literacy Part Two Visual Illiteracy and Intuitive Visual Persuasion The Academy and the Media. Williams, Rick // Journal of Visual Literacy;Spring2000, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p111 

    In Part One of Beyond Visual Literacy, 1 developed a theory of cognitive balance that explored a parallel and complementary relationship between the two primary cognitive processing systems that use Rational and Intuitive Intelligences as independent, but integrated cognitive processes. I also...

  • Graphic Novels Offer Diverse Perspectives, Narratives. WATTS, PAM // Education Digest;Oct2015, Vol. 81 Issue 2, p38 

    The article focuses on the diverse perspectives and narratives of graphic novels. Topics discussed include the visual literacy offer of graphic novels, the impact of visual texts on novels, graphic novel reading and teaching, the images of graphic novels, and significance of these novels to...

  • Critrial noise effects on rule-based category learning: The impact of delayed feedback. Ell, Shawn; Ing, A.; Maddox, W. // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Aug2009, Vol. 71 Issue 6, p1263 

    Variability in the representation of the decision criterion is assumed in many category-learning models, yet few studies have directly examined its impact. On each trial, criterial noise should result in drift in the criterion and will negatively impact categorization accuracy, particularly in...

  • The interaction between memorized objects and abrupt onsets in oculomotor capture. Wong, Jason; Peterson, Matthew // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Aug2011, Vol. 73 Issue 6, p1768 

    Recent evidence has been found for a source of task-irrelevant oculomotor capture (defined as when a salient event draws the eyes away from a primary task) that originates from working memory. An object memorized for a nonsearch task can capture the eyes during search. Here, an experiment was...

  • Effects of Illustration Size on Test Performance of Visually Limited Children. Mueller, Max W. // Exceptional Children;Nov1962, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p124 

    The article presents the study on the effects of size of print and size of test materials on the performance of visually limited children in the U.S. The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) were the method used to evaluate the effects of increased picture size in the research. The test manual...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics