TITLE

Taxonomy for strengthening the identification of core elements for evidence-based behavioral interventions for HIV/AIDS prevention

AUTHOR(S)
Galbraith, Jennifer S.; Herbst, Jeffrey H.; Whittier, David K.; Jones, Patricia L.; Smith, Bryce D.; Uhl, Gary; Fisher, Holly H.
PUB. DATE
October 2011
SOURCE
Health Education Research;Oct2011, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p872
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The concept of core elements was developed to denote characteristics of an intervention, such as activities or delivery methods, presumed to be responsible for the efficacy of evidence-based behavioral interventions (EBIs) for HIV/AIDS prevention. This paper describes the development of a taxonomy of core elements based on a literature review of theoretical approaches and characteristics of EBIs. Sixty-one categories of core elements were identified from the literature and grouped into three distinct domains: implementation, content and pedagogy. The taxonomy was tested by categorizing core elements from 20 HIV prevention EBIs disseminated by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Results indicated that core elements represented all three domains but several were difficult to operationalize due to vague language or the inclusion of numerous activities or constructs. A process is proposed to describe core elements in a method that overcomes some of these challenges. The taxonomy of core elements can be used to identify core elements of EBIs, strengthen the translation of EBIs from research to practice and guide future research seeking to identify essential core elements in prevention interventions.
ACCESSION #
65457223

 

Related Articles

  • Time to talk. Ullmann, L. // Seventeen;Sep89, Vol. 48 Issue 9, p112 

    Opinion. Discusses the urgent need for better AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) education in US schools. Teachers and health educators should be allowed to teach complete facts about AIDS in school, especially to teenagers; Reasons AIDS education lacking in US schools; Statistical...

  • Reacting to AIDS. Eagan, A. // Vogue;Jun88, Vol. 178 Issue 6, p154 

    An analysis of how worried one should be about AIDS given the deluge of conflicting advice; The fact that the infection is not spreading wildly among heterosexuals is no cause for complacency; Celibacy as an option; Assessing one's own risks; How trustworthy the AIDS test is.

  • Go ahead, teach it.  // NEA Today;Apr92, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p24 

    States that the Journal of the American Medical Association reports that 94 percent of Americans support AIDS education in schools, 80 percent favor teaching students about condoms, and 70 percent support condom ads on television. Condom distribution in the schools is still a controversial...

  • First report on US AIDS behavior. Ezzell, C. // Nature;2/16/1989, Vol. 337 Issue 6208, p589 

    A report called `AIDS: Sexual Behavior and Intravenous Drug Use' prepared by a committee organized by the US National Academy of Sciences, is the first report to address soley the behavioral aspects of the AIDS epidemic. Recommends more sex education, condom advertisements on television, and...

  • Youth and the language of AIDS. Pilkinton, Nicola; Saha, Lawrence J. // Youth Studies;Feb91, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p26 

    Studies the consistency of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) program with the youth's perception about AIDS. Basis of the data used in the study; Survey on moral outrage against sex; Depersonalisation of AIDS; AIDS as a social problem; Its...

  • What you really want to know about AIDS. Johnson, Pamela // Essence (Essence);Aug92, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p65 

    Answers 20 questions about AIDS and safer sex. How the AIDS virus is passed; AIDS risk for heterosexual sex; Limited effectiveness of condoms; AIDS and oral sex; Protection during oral sex; Information on condom use and size; More.

  • AIDS and virginity.  // Nature;9/3/1992, Vol. 359 Issue 6390, p2 

    Opinion. Asserts that the New York City Board of Education is in the dark ages in demanding that AIDS education emphasize abstinence. Pledge that must be signed by anyone entering the school system to teach about AIDS; Opposition to moralistic education by Health Commissioner Margaret A....

  • Country music launches AIDS PSA campaign in rural areas. Cooper, Jim // Broadcasting & Cable;1/3/94, Vol. 124 Issue 1, p55 

    Reports on the country music industry's launching of a public service campaign to combat AIDS in rural communities. Cost of advertising; Use of music artists in promotions; Potential audience of campaign.

  • Kids these days. Wagner, B. // U.S. News & World Report;12/9/91, Vol. 111 Issue 24, p23 

    Looks at the ongoing debate about how much teenagers should be made aware about AIDS and the threat of HIV infection. Silence on the issue could be deadly; The role of public authorities; The distribution of condoms by public schools; Whether or not minors should be tested for AIDS without a...

Share

Other Topics