Asylum in the Midst of Chinese Exclusion: Pershing’s Punitive Expedition and the Columbus Refugees from Mexico, 1916–1921

Urban, Andrew
April 2011
Journal of Policy History;Apr2011, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p204
Academic Journal
The article describes Chinese laborers and merchants who had attached themselves to the U.S. Punitive Expedition forces led by U.S. general John J. Pershing from Mexico to Columbus, New Mexico, in 1917. The article examines the issue of asylum in the context of the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 which, by law, barred many of the individuals who entered the U.S. with Pershing's troops. The article states that the Exclusion Acts were aimed at the restriction of Chinese immigration in southwestern states during the Mexican Revolution. The article examines Pershing's role in advocating asylum for the refugees and the historical link between Pershing and the refugees.


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