TITLE

Obese Children Have Higher Arterial Elasticity Without a Difference in Endothelial Function: The Role of Body Composition

AUTHOR(S)
Tryggestad, Jeanie B.; Thompson, David M.; Copeland, Kenneth C.; Short, Kevin R.
PUB. DATE
January 2012
SOURCE
Obesity (19307381);Jan2012, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p165
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The childhood obesity epidemic is expected to increase cardiovascular disease risk, but the impact of obesity on vascular function in children is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of obesity and maturation on vascular function in normal weight (BMI: 25-75 percentile) and obese (BMI: =95 percentile) children ages 8-18 years old. Large and small artery elasticity (LAEI and SAEI, respectively), measured by diastolic radial pulsewave contour analysis, and reactive hyperemia index (RHI), measured by peripheral arterial tonometry, were obtained, along with anthropometric and biochemical outcomes, in 61 normal weight and 62 obese children. SAEI and LAEI increased with age and were 30% and 18% higher, respectively, in obese children (P < 0.01). In contrast, reactive hyperemia increased with age in the normal weight group but did not differ between groups. Multivariate modeling was used to select variables that explained differences in vascular outcomes. The best model for LAEI in normal weight children was height alone (r2 = 0.49), whereas for obese children the best model included height + fat mass (r2 = 0.40). For SAEI, there were no significant models for normal weight children, but for obese children the best model included lean mass + fat mass (r2 = 0.36). Obese children had greater lean and fat mass, and more advanced Tanner stages than their normal weight peers. The increased elasticity observed in obese children appears to reflect accelerated growth and maturation without affecting vascular reactivity measured by reactive hyperemia. Longitudinal follow up will be essential in determining effects on future vascular disease risk.
ACCESSION #
69919240

 

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