January 2012
Background Notes on Countries of the World: Peru;1/3/2012, p4
Country Report
The article provides a historical background of Peru. Peru's territory was the center of the highly developed Inca civilization when the Spanish arrived in 1531. Since then, Peru became one of Spain's colony until it gained its independence on July 28, 1821. Military rule has been prominent in Peruvian history, the most recent of which was from 1968-1980. The country's return to democracy was consolidated under the government of President Alejandro Toledo from 2001-2006.


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