Assessing Attentional Systems in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Casagrande, Maria; Martella, Diana; Ruggiero, Maria Cleonice; Maccari, Lisa; Paloscia, Claudio; Rosa, Caterina; Pasini, Augusto
January 2012
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology;Jan2012, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p30
Academic Journal
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency and interactions of attentional systems in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) by considering the effects of reinforcement and auditory warning on each component of attention. Thirty-six drug-naïve children (18 children with ADHD/18 typically developing children) performed two revised versions of the Attentional Network Test, which assess the efficiency of alerting, orienting, and executive systems. In feedback trials, children received feedback about their accuracy, whereas in the no-feedback trials, feedback was not given. In both conditions, children with ADHD performed more slowly than did typically developing children. They also showed impairments in the ability to disengage attention and in executive functioning, which improved when alertness was increased by administering the auditory warning. The performance of the attentional networks appeared to be modulated by the absence or the presence of reinforcement. We suggest that the observed executive system deficit in children with ADHD could depend on their low level of arousal rather than being an independent disorder.


Related Articles

  • International Consensus Statement on ADHD: January 2002.  // Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review;Jun2002, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p89 

    Presents the International Consensus Statement on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as of January 2002. Supporting references for the consensus statement; International scientists who signed the consensus statement; Assertion of scientists that ADHD involves a serious deficiency...

  • The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback and Stimulant Drugs in Treating AD/HD: Part I. Review of Methodological Issues. Rossiter, Thomas // Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback;Jun2004, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p95 

    The paper examines major criticisms of AD/HD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) neurofeedback research using T. R. Rossiter and T. J. La Vaque (1995) as an exemplar and discusses relevant aspects of research methodology. J. Lohr, S. Meunier, L. Parker, and J. P. Kline (2001), D. A....

  • Perinatal complications in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and their unaffected siblings. Amor, Leila Ben; Grizenko, Natalie; Schwartz, George; Lageix, Philippe; Baron, Chantal; Ter-Stepanian, Marina; Zappitelli, Michael; Mbekou, Valentin; Joober, Ridha // Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience;Mar2005, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p120 

    Objectives: Genetic and nonshared environmental factors (experienced by 1 family member to the exclusion of the others) have been strongly implicated in the causes of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Pregnancy, labour/delivery and neonatal complications (PLDNC) have often been...

  • Approaches to gene mapping in complex disorders and their application in child psychiatry and psychology. Asherson, Philip J.; Curran, Sarah; Asherson, P J; Curran, S // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug2001, Vol. 179, p122 

    Background: Twin studies demonstrate the importance of genes and environment in the aetiology of childhood psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. Advances in molecular genetics enable the identification of genes involved in complex disorders and enable the study of molecular...

  • Social skills differences among attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder types in a chat room assessment task. Mikami, Amori Yee; Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L.; Pfiffner, Linda J.; McBurnett, Keith; Hangai, Dana // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Aug2007, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p509 

    This study assessed social skills in 116 children aged 7-12 with ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C; n=33), ADHD-Inattentive Type (ADHD-I; n=45), and comparison children (n=38), with consideration of the role sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms play in distinguishing profiles. Social skills were...

  • Examining subtypes of behavior problems among 3-year-old children, Part I: investigating validity of subtypes and biological risk-factors. Harvey, Elizabeth; Friedman-Weieneth, Julie; Goldstein, Lauren; Sherman, Alison; Harvey, Elizabeth A; Friedman-Weieneth, Julie L; Goldstein, Lauren H; Sherman, Alison H // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Feb2007, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p97 

    This study examined 3-year-old children who were classified as hyperactive (HYP), oppositional-defiant (OD), hyperactive and oppositional defiant (HYP/OD), and non-problem based on mothers' reports of behavior. Using fathers,' teachers,' and observers' ratings of children's behavior, concurrent...

  • Earlier onset of bipolar disorder in children by antidepressants or stimulus? An hypothesis.  // Current Medical Literature: Psychiatry;2004, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p35 

    Discusses research being done on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with bipolar disorder (BD). Reference to a study by C. G. Reichart and W. A. Nolen, published in the 2004 issue of the "Journal of Affective Disorders"; Percentage of children with BD and ADHD;...

  • Validation Study of The Attention Deficit Scale For Adults In Diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders. McBEE, Ralph L. // Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN): Theses & Dissertat;2002, p1 

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has long been viewed as a difficulty facing children and adolescents. However, more recently it is seen as a disorder that frequently extends into adulthood. Therefore, it is important that accurate and efficient measures are developed specifically for...

  • Estudio de validez del Cuestionario para trastorno por déficit de atención y trastorno de conducta. Versión Maestros. Ulloa, R. E.; Narváez, M. R.; Arroyo, E.; Bosque, J. del; de la Peña, F. // Actas Espanolas de Psiquiatria;may2009, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p153 

    Introduction. Teacher's rating scales for the evaluation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and behavioral disorders have been shown to be useful and valid tools. The Child Psychiatric Hospital Teacher Questionnaire (CPHTQ) of the Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil Dr. Juan N....


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics