TITLE

INTERNATIONAL BIOMASS TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN OVERVIEW

AUTHOR(S)
Cătălin, Chiriac; Nicoleta, Rusu
PUB. DATE
December 2011
SOURCE
Annals of the University of Oradea, Economic Science Series;2011, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p47
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
It is crystal clear that the neoclassical economical theory, despite being probably the best growth model ever invented by man, tickled a cost of environmental degradation which can threaten our wealth and even our existence. For this reason, the concept of sustainable development (SD) is so empathic, being considered probably the best theoretical alternative invented by man to standard growth, because of its vision of a better world, where economics, society and environment are intimately linked. Thus, all human activities have to adapt to this new paradigm, in order to achieve its goals. From the economical perspective, production, consumption and trade must incorporate a kind of sustainable type of activity. In the recent years, growing demands in energy use and the increase of oil and coal prices, have led to the usage of new energy sources such as biomass, water, solar, wind and geothermal energy. This is why we propose in this paper to present an overview of international trade in biomass reported to the philosophy of SD. In short, we want to give an answer at two questions: how much is biomass trade sustainable and what risks may arise if the main source of energy used today, based on fossil fuels, will be totally substitute by biomass? To be sustainable, biomass, must meet certain criteria, such as: to possess a high capacity for regeneration, in a relatively short time; to offer a better efficiency compared with the traditional fossil fuel sources; to be less or non-polluting, to be used in solid, liquid and gaseous form; to have a broad applicability in production and consumption; to have a competitive level in terms of costs and prices for transport or storage, in both stages, as a raw material or as a finished product; to be a good substitute of traditional fuels (gasoline or diesel), without the necessity for structural changes of the of the engine. The article will conclude that the uprising trend of the EU biomass trade and consumption will continue, because of grown concerns of the EU Member States regarding the effects that greenhouse gas emissions have over the environment and over the quality of life standard, despite the critics which states that biomass production may have negative environmental effects, leading to massive deforestation and destruction of soil, water sources and natural habitat.
ACCESSION #
71959407

 

Related Articles

  • Renewable Energy Sources.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2008, p285 

    An almanac entry on the major renewable energy sources available in the U.S. Biomass is plant-derived material usable as a renewable energy source, including wood energy crops such as hybrid poplars and willow trees, agricultural crops including soybeans and corn, and animal and other wastes....

  • A SOURCE MIX-UP. Baker, Charles F. // Calliope;Jan2013, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p42 

    A quiz concerning alternative energy resources is presented.

  • The Czech Republic: A New Energy Path. Bell, John // E: The Environmental Magazine;Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p35 

    This article presents information on the energy policy of the Czech Republic. As a completely new industry, the renewable energy sector provides a welcome channel for introducing new business practices, and for keeping money in the domestic economy. Backed by Renewable Energy and...

  • Development and Prospect of Combined Heat and Power Generation on Renewable Energy. Qiming Li; Dawei Liu; Wenbo Peng; Shisen Xu; Anjun Jin // Sustainable Development (21607540);Jul2013, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p86 

    The technology of combined heat and power generation on renewable energy (CHP-RE) is of positive significance for energy saving, environment improving and green economy. Solar energy, geothermal energy and biomass energy are the most potential renewable energies for large scale CHP. This paper...

  • Developing Renewable Energies in Iran. Abad, Mohammad Reza Asadi Asad; Moharrampour, Mahdi; Abdollahian, Heidar; Ali, Masoumeh Shir; Mohagheghzadeh, Fatemeh // International Journal of Energy, Information & Communications;May2012, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p17 

    Destructible fuels, variety to energy resources developing constantly and secure the energy, ecosystem problems due to the consumption of clean fuel energy and being renewable energy sources like solar, wind, biomass and etc caused a global attention to expand and developed the consumption of...

  • "A STUDY OF SOLAR ENERGY RESOURCES IN INDIA". Kokare, K. V.; Pailwan, Pratibha B. // Indian Streams Research Journal;Apr2012, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p72 

    Renewable energy is energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight wind rain tides and geothermal heat, which are renewable naturally replenished. About 16% of global final energy consumption comes form biomass with 10% coming from traditional biomass which is mainly used for heating...

  • Research and Conclusions of Legal and Economic Feasibility of Renewable Energy in Romania. VAC, Călin; ARION, Felix; SâNă, Sonia; SCRIDON, Simion // Bulletin of the University of Agricultural Sciences & Veterinary;2012, Vol. 69 Issue 2, p337 

    Base materials used in our research are legal documents of the Romanian and European legislation specific renewable energy field, which define the legal, economic and financial framework and have been applied on four specific case studies (investment projects): production of wind, solar or...

  • Comparison of the Species-Sensitive Effects of Different Dosages of Calcium and Verapamil on Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats and Rabbits. Patil, Amol N.; Arora, Tarun; Desai, Amrita; Tripathi, Chakra Dhar // Toxicology International;Sep-Dec2014, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p225 

    Aim: To compare the effects of different dosages of calcium and verapamil on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats and rabbits. Materials and Methods: Rabbits and rats of either sex in weight range of 1.5-2.5 kg and 175-225 g, respectively were used in study. Gentamicin 80 mg/kg i.m.,...

  • Volatile Fatty Acids Production through Degradation of Biomass by Anaerobic Digestion (Mesophilic and Thermophilic). Abd Rahim, Ahmad Fitri; Mohamed Kutty, Shamsul Rahman; Ezechi, Ezerie Henry // Applied Mechanics & Materials;2014, Issue 567, p172 

    Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are fatty acids with a carbon chain of six carbons or fewer and usually referred to as short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). Degradation of biomass through anaerobic digestion will produce volatile fatty acid (VFAs) through anaerobic digestion process. The volatile fatty...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics