TITLE

The Forest Floor and Mineral Soil Carbon Pools of Six Different Forest Tree Species

AUTHOR(S)
Sevgi, Orhan; Makineci, Ender; Karaoz, Omer
PUB. DATE
November 2011
SOURCE
Ekoloji Dergisi;2011, Vol. 20 Issue 81, p8
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The influence of tree species on forest soil properties has been studied for a long time. Recently, the role of soil carbon (C) pools for mitigation of greenhouse gases has highlighted the need for more knowledge on the tree species effects on soil organic C. In Turkey, the effects of six different tree species; Sessile oak (Quercus petraea), Oriental spruce (Picea orientalis), Austrian pine (Pinus nigra), Turkish fir (Abies bormulleriana), Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), and Taurus cedar (Cedrus libani) on the carbon pools of the top mineral soil (0-30 cm) and the forest floor were investigated in adjacent stands. Carbon pools of the forest floor varied from 11 Mg ha-1 beneath the Oriental spruce to 20 Mg ha-1 beneath the Scots pine. The C contents of the forest floor were similar among species and there was no significant difference in C mass of forest floors among species. In the 0-30 cm mineral soil layer, the highest soil organic C pool was beneath the Taurus cedar and the lowest was found in the native Sessile oak forest. Total C pools (forest floor + 30 cm mineral soil) increased in the order Quercus petraea < Abies bornmulleriana < Picea orientalis < Pinus sylvestris < Pinus nigra and Cedms libani from 77 to 126 Mg ha-1. The results suggest that tree species differ in C sequestration rates within the forest floor and mineral soil, respectively, but there is little evidence of major differences in the combined forest floor and mineral soil after five decades.
ACCESSION #
72333544

 

Related Articles

  • Comparison of soil organic matter dynamics at five temperate deciduous forests with physical fractionation and radiocarbon measurements. McFarlane, Karis; Torn, Margaret; Hanson, Paul; Porras, Rachel; Swanston, Christopher; Callaham, Mac; Guilderson, Thomas // Biogeochemistry;Mar2013, Vol. 112 Issue 1-3, p457 

    Forest soils represent a significant pool for carbon sequestration and storage, but the factors controlling soil carbon cycling are not well constrained. We compared soil carbon dynamics at five broadleaf forests in the Eastern US that vary in climate, soil type, and soil ecology: two sites at...

  • Carbon losses from pyrolysed and original wood in a forest soil under natural and increased N deposition. Maestrini, B.; Abiven, S.; Singh, N.; Bird, J.; Torn, M. S.; Schmidt, M. W. I. // Biogeosciences;2014, Vol. 11 Issue 18, p5199 

    Pyrogenic organic matter (PyOM) plays an important role as a stable carbon (C) sink in the soils of terrestrial ecosystems. However, uncertainties remain about in situ turnover rates of fire-derived PyOM in soil, the main processes leading to PyOM-C and nitrogen (N) losses from the soil, and the...

  • Influence of soil C, NO and fuel use on GHG mitigation with no-till adoption. Antle, John; Ogle, Stephen // Climatic Change;Apr2012, Vol. 111 Issue 3/4, p609 

    Previous research has demonstrated that soil carbon sequestration through adoption of conservation tillage can be economically profitable depending on the value of a carbon offset in a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions market. However adoption of conservation tillage also influences two other...

  • Soil respiration, NO, and CH emissions from an Andisol under conventional-tillage and no-tillage cultivation for 4 years. Yonemura, Seiichiro; Nouchi, Isamu; Nishimura, Seiichi; Sakurai, Gen; Togami, Kazuki; Yagi, Kazuyuki // Biology & Fertility of Soils;Jan2014, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p63 

    No-tillage (NT) management is a promising method to sequester soil C and mitigate global warming caused by agricultural activities. Here, we report 4 years of continuous soil respiration rates and weekly nitrous oxide (NO) and methane (CH) emissions in NT and conventional-tillage (CT) plots in a...

  • Biodiversity for multifunctional grasslands: equal productivity in high-diversity low-input and low-diversity high-input systems. Weigelt, A.; Weisser, W. W.; Buchmann, N.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M. // Biogeosciences Discussions;2009, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p3187 

    Modern grassland management seeks to provide many ecosystem services and experimental studies in resource-poor grasslands have shown a positive relationship between plant species richness and a variety of ecosystem functions. Thus, increasing species richness might help to enhance...

  • REDUCING EMISSIONS.  // New Scientist;4/2/2011, Vol. 210 Issue 2806, pii 

    The article mentions that carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a strategy that is needed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and protect the global environment and notes the cost effectiveness of CCS that was determined by the International Energy Agency.

  • THE CASE FOR CARBON CAPTURE.  // New Scientist;4/2/2011, Vol. 210 Issue 2806, piii 

    Brief information is given about carbon capture and storage (CCS) of carbon dioxide emissions and CCS' role in preventing global climate change and acidification of the oceans.

  • Carbon Sequestration Efficiency of Organic Amendments in a Long-Term Experiment on a Vertisol in Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China. Hua, Keke; Wang, Daozhong; Guo, Xisheng; Guo, Zibin // PLoS ONE;Sep2014, Vol. 9 Issue 9, p1 

    Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration is important for improving soil fertility of cropland and for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. The efficiency of SOC sequestration depends on the quantity and quality of the organic matter, soil type, and climate. Little is...

  • Carbon dynamics and stability between native Masson pine and exotic slash pine plantations in subtropical China. Ma, Zeqing; Hartmann, Henrik; Wang, Huimin; Li, Qingkang; Wang, Yidong; Li, Shenggong // European Journal of Forest Research;Mar2014, Vol. 133 Issue 2, p307 

    Afforestation and ecological restoration have often been carried out with fast-growing exotic tree species because of their high apparent growth and yield. Moreover, fast-growing forest plantations have become an important component of mitigation measures to offset greenhouse gas emissions....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics