Surgeon's Requirement for Obesity Reduction: Its Influence on Weight Loss

Goldberg, Ross F.; Parker, Michael; Stauffer, John A.; Moti, Salman; Sylvia, Jacob; Ames, Gretchen E.; Asbun, Horacio J.; Lynch, Scott A.; Smith, C. Daniel; Bowers, Steven P.
March 2012
American Surgeon;Mar2012, Vol. 78 Issue 3, p325
Academic Journal
The objective of this study was to examine whether preoperative recommendation for specific reductions in body mass index (BMI) influenced weight loss in obese surgical patients. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 48 patients who enrolled between January 2007 to June 2010 in an 800-calorie per day liquidmeal replacement (LMR)weight loss program. Of these, 9 patients (surgical group) enrolled as a result of general surgeon-directed weight loss to enable nonbariatric surgery and 39 enrolled seeking weight loss (medical group). Patients en- rolled in the LMR program before bariatric surgery were excluded from analysis. All patients were seen in the setting of a comprehensive weight loss program supervised by a medical bariatrician and followed for a period of 4 months. There were no significant differences in mean initial BMI between surgical and medical patients (41.7 ± 4.55 and 41.6 ± 8.54 kg/m² , respectively) or participation time in the weight loss program (120 days vs 133 days). Of the nine surgical patients, only five (56%) reached their weight goal and underwent the planned surgical procedure. Weight loss was significantly less in the surgical compared with medical patients (BMI reduction 4.03 ± 3.99 vs 7.75 ± 4.90 kg/m² , respectively; P < 0.05). Weight loss was significantly lower in patients directed to undergo BMI reduction to enable a general surgical procedure. Future studies are needed to assess factors influencing weight loss (metabolism, exercise capacity, motivation) in patients requiring weight loss to enable a surgical procedure.


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