Husár, Martin
January 2011
Constantine's Letters / Konštantínove Listy;2011, Issue 4, p1
Author of the study focused on two different political and cultural areas that were influencing each other not only in time of early medieval period. He dealt with the strategy, organization, tactics, weapons and defensive equipment of above mentioned areas. Both the Byzantine Empire and the Avar Kaganate (as representative of the middle Danube region) entered to the second half of the 7th century as defeated countries. The significance of the light cavalry archers as well as padded or quilted armours in this time rose probably in both regions. Infantry was more important in the Byzantine Empire than in the Avar Kaganate. At the beginning of the 9th century the Avar Kaganate was smashed by the Frankish Empire, Bulgars and Slavs. In both territories rulers began to rely more on professional part of their armies since the 9th century. That part of army was in the Great Moravia and the East Frankish Empire cavalry retinue or drafted cavalry according to the size of homesteads. Both were heavy cavalry troops equipped mainly with the lances. In the Byzantine Empire the emperors in-creased number of professional tagmata units that consisted mostly of light or heavy cavalry. In both regions dominated in quantity infantry, but with higher importance in the middle Danube area. Situation in Carpathian basin changed after penetration of Hungarian tribes into its eastern part in 896. They conquered most of the Carpathian basin just by their light cavalry regiments. Later in the 11th century they began to establish their own kingdom. There were serious tendencies to install into the army heavy cavalry units of Western Europe style (mostly in king's retinue or in comitate castle units), but the bulk of the Hungarian army until the end of era we tracked was still light cavalry. It was probably due to permanent influx of nomadic mercenaries like Petchenegs or Cumans into the Hungarian kingdom in that time. The Byzantine Empire started since the middle of the 10th century to reconquest some lost territories. Because of this fact prevailed in the Byzantine army unified and specialized professional or mercenary tagmata troops. At the top of the empire's units stood heaviest cavalry regiments -- katafraktoi. The Komnenoi emperors (1081 -- 1185), due to decline of native drafting units, kept the growing number of mercenary units that were equal or similar to their opponents. They fought battles against the heavy knight cavalry of the Western Europe States and also against the Seldjuk's light cavalry archers. Infantry was losing its quality in both regions after the 10th century except the short revival in the Byzantine Empire since the middle of the 10th till the course of the 11th century.


Related Articles

  • Researching the British Army Abroad. Storey, Ed // Family Chronicle;Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p48 

    The article examines the structure of British Army records and other sources in order to gain information on military ancestors. According to the author, the three primary types of fighting forces in the army are infantry, cavalry and artillery. Information about Honourable East India Company...

  • The Light Horse Takes Beersheba. SOODALTER, RON // Military History;Jan2014, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p62 

    The article informs that in 1917 Australians made one of the last-and most successful-cavalry charges of World War. About, 800 Australian mounted infantry of the 4th Light Horse Brigade looked from the crest of a ridge across four miles of open, gently sloping ground at the fortified town. The...

  • THE TRAGIC STORY OF THE SAN PATRICIO BATTALION. Downy, Fairfax // American Heritage;Jun1955, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p20 

    This article presents the tragic story of the San Patricio battalion. The San Patricios were also called the "Colorados" or "Red Company" because many of them were red-headed. Besides native Americans, they were composed of half a dozen nationalities and came from every branch of the service...

  • Letter from Prester John. Oguibe, Olu // American Letters & Commentary;2004, Issue 16, p62 

    The letter reports on a letter from a mysterious and unknown potentate, Prester John, in 1165. the letter was received by Pope Alexander III, and the Holy Roman and Byzantine Emperors. The origin of the letter was a remote Christian kingdom, and it encouraged Europe's crusading spirit. In the...

  • The idea of Holy Russia. Averintsev, Sergei // History Today;Nov89, Vol. 39 Issue 11, p37 

    Considers the claims on universality and divine legitimacy made by the Russia of the Tsars in response to previous legacies of the empire. Impact of the close ties between Rome and Christianity; Early Christianity and Byzantine civilization; Rise of Moscow and fall of Constantinople; Influence...

  • Third Bunting Issue.  // Battle Flags of Texans in the Confederacy;1995, p20 

    The article presents information on the flag that was identical to the Third Bunting Issue and used prior to the summer battles in Texas in 1862. This type of flag is made of wool bunting and varied in size for infantry, artillery, and cavalry. Infantry flags normally measured approximately 4x4...

  • Not Just Infantry with Tanks: Who We Should Be and Why the Army Needs Us to Be It. Spolizino, Thomas // Cavalry & Armor Journal;Oct-Dec2014, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p47 

    The article argues that it is critical that the U.S. Army leadership refines the definition of the cavalry force to ensure it is both correct and relevant as well clearly distinguishing cavalrymen from the other branches of armed service. Topics include the view that defining the cavalry as just...

  • Infantry. Doughty, Robert A. // Reader's Companion to Military History;1996, p218 

    Since the first human beings fought in prehistoric times, the infantry has engaged in close combat with opponents. Though many aspects of the infantry have changed, its offensive missions of closing with and destroying the enemy and seizing and holding terrain and its defensive mission of...

  • Cavalry Scouts With 25th ID Take Inaugural Gainey Cup. PIPER, RAYMOND // Cavalry & Armor Journal;Jan-Mar2013, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p5 

    The article reports the highlights of the inaugural Gainey Cup Competition for the best cavalry scout team in the Army held in Fort Benning, Georgia in March 2013. The competitions consisted of physical tests, challenges, written examinations and live fire exercises that tested the soldiers...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics