TITLE

Onychomycosis: Newer insights in pathogenesis and diagnosis

AUTHOR(S)
Grover, Chander; Khurana, Ananta
PUB. DATE
May 2012
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology;May/Jun2012, Vol. 78 Issue 3, p263
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Onychomycosis (OM) is the commonest disorder affecting the nail unit. The fact that it affects 3-26% people worldwide goes to show that it is a significant health problem. The prevalence of OM has been reported to be increasing over the years. Although, we know much about various predisposing factors, we are yet unclear about its exact pathogenesis. The peculiarities of the nail unit with respect to its structure and its immune mechanisms make OM an adversary, which once established is difficult to eradicate. There have been many recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of OM and our methods of diagnosing it. The increasingly valuable role of histopathology; refinements in its technique; PCR techniques; Optical coherence tomography and advances in spectrometric techniques have been reported. The present review is aimed at discussing the newer advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of various clinical types of OM apart from the newer and exciting techniques of diagnosing it.
ACCESSION #
75357603

 

Related Articles

  • Optical biopsy of epithelial cancers by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Wessels, R.; Bruin, D.; Faber, D.; Leeuwen, T.; Beurden, M.; Ruers, T. // Lasers in Medical Science;May2014, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p1297 

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical technique that measures the backscattering of near-infrared light by tissue. OCT yields in 2D and 3D images at micrometer-scale resolution, thus providing optical biopsies, approaching the resolution of histopathological imaging. The technique has...

  • Descemet's scroll in syphilitic interstitial keratitis: a case report with anterior segment evaluation and a literature review. Kasetsuwan, Ngamjit; Reinprayoon, Usanee; Chantaren, Patchima // International Medical Case Reports Journal;Sep2015, Vol. 8, p219 

    Purpose: To present a case of syphilitic interstitial keratitis with Descemet's scrolls, as well as its characteristic findings in an anterior segment investigation in relation to the histopathologic findings from a literature review. Case presentation: A case report of a 64-year-old woman with...

  • Intraoperative optical coherence tomography for assessing human lymph nodes for metastatic cancer. Nolan, Ryan M.; Adie, Steven G.; Marjanovic, Marina; Chaney, Eric J.; South, Fredrick A.; Monroy, Guillermo L.; Shemonski, Nathan D.; Erickson-Bhatt, Sarah J.; Shelton, Ryan L.; Bower, Andrew J.; Simpson, Douglas G.; Cradock, Kimberly A.; Liu, Z. George; Ray, Partha S.; Boppart, Stephen A. // BMC Cancer;2/23/2016, Vol. 16, p1 

    Background: Evaluation of lymph node (LN) status is an important factor for detecting metastasis and thereby staging breast cancer. Currently utilized clinical techniques involve the surgical disruption and resection of lymphatic structure, whether nodes or axillary contents, for...

  • Hermansky-Pudlak Sendromlu Bir Olguya ait Klinik Özellikler. Türk, Adem; Fidan, Sami; Uzun, Yusuf; Ersöz, şafak // Gulhane Medical Journal;Jun2013, Vol. 55 Issue 2, p146 

    Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder consisting of oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis, and systemic complications associated with the deposition of an abnormal ceroid-like lipofuscin pigment in the tissues. In this study, we report a 19 year old female...

  • OCT Confirms Diagnosis. Dunbar, Mark T. // Review of Optometry;4/15/2011, Vol. 148 Issue 4, p99 

    A quiz concerning the application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the practice of optometry is presented.

  • WHAT IMAGING DEVICES ARE THE BEST FOR THE PRACTICE? Meszaros, Liz // Optometry Times;Jul2012 Supplement, p1 

    The article offers information on the placido-based topography, single-and dual-camera Scheimpflug imaging, and optical coherence tomography (OCT).

  • POINT / COUNTER. Ip, Michael S. // Ocular Surgery News Europe/Asia-Pacific Edition;May2009, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p11 

    The authors presents their views on how much importance must ophthalmologists put on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) in comparison to other diagnostic modalities and clinical findings.

  • Corneal epithelial mapping with OCT may help identify forme fruste keratoconus. Biro, Ashley; Hasson, Matthew; Mullin, David W.; Nale, Patricia // Primary Care Optometry News;Dec2012, Vol. 17 Issue 12, p12 

    The article highlights findings of a study which examined the use of optical coherence tomography to analyze corneal epithelial thickness maps.

  • Editor's quiz: GI snapshot.  // British Journal of Ophthalmology;Mar2010, Vol. 94 Issue 3, p25 

    The article provides an answer to a question on the appearance of a retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in both eyes through spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) imaging technique.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics