TITLE

The long-term outcome of HIV-infected patients after intensive care admission

AUTHOR(S)
Foo, H.; Clezy, K.; Post, J. J.
PUB. DATE
June 2012
SOURCE
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2012, Vol. 23 Issue 6, pe4
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Long-term outcomes of HIV-infected patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) since the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) have not been well described. We reviewed the long-term outcomes and clinical follow-up of HIVinfected patients admitted to the Prince of Wales Hospital ICU between 1999 and 2005 by a retrospective medical record review. Mortality was assessed in the ICU, in hospital and in the long-term. Twenty-four HIV-infected male patients underwent 26 ICU admissions. Their ICU and in-hospital mortalities were 33% and 46%, respectively. Higher APACHE (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation) II scores (median 27 versus 12, P < 0.001), lower CD4 cell counts (median 45 versus 335 cells/μL, P = 0.041) and longer hospitalization times prior to ICU admission (median 4 versus 1 day, P = 0.02) were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. We found 85% of the subjects who survived hospital admission were still alive at a median of 41 months (4 months to 5 years) of follow-up, all of who were functionally independent. HIV-infected patients who survived ICU admission at our institution had good long-term outcomes in the cART era.
ACCESSION #
78072915

 

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