TITLE

Randomized Controlled Single-Center Trial Comparing Pancreatogastrostomy Versus Pancreaticojejunostomy After Partial Pancreatoduodenectomy

AUTHOR(S)
Wellner, Ulrich; Sick, Olivia; Olschewski, Manfred; Adam, Ulrich; Hopt, Ulrich; Keck, Tobias
PUB. DATE
September 2012
SOURCE
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery;Sep2012, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p1686
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The aim of this single-center randomized trial was to compare the perioperative outcome of pancreatoduodenectomy with pancreatogastrostomy (PG) vs pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). Methods: Randomization was done intraoperatively. PG was performed via anterior and posterior gastrotomy with pursestring and inverting seromuscular suture; control intervention was PJ with duct-mucosa anastomosis. The primary endpoint was postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Results: From 2006 to 2011, n = 268 patients were screened and n = 116 were randomized to n = 59 PG and n = 57 PJ. There was no statistically significant difference regarding the primary endpoint (PG vs PJ, 10 % vs 12 %, p = 0.775). The subgroup of high-risk patients with a soft pancreas had a non-significantly lower pancreatic fistula rate with PG (PG vs PJ, 14 vs 24 %, p = 0.352). Analysis of secondary endpoints demonstrated a shorter operation time (404 vs 443 min, p = 0.005) and reduced hospital stay for PG (15 vs 17 days, p = 0.155). Delayed gastric emptying (DGE; PG vs PJ, 27 vs 17 %, p = 0.246) and intraluminal bleeding (PG vs PJ, 7 vs 2 %, p = 0.364) were more frequent with PG. Mortality was low in both groups (<2 %). Conclusions: Our randomized controlled trial shows no difference between PG and PJ as reconstruction techniques after partial pancreatoduodenectomy. POPF rate, DGE, and bleeding were not statistically different. Operation time was significantly shorter in the PG group.
ACCESSION #
78385242

 

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