TITLE

Recommendations for Self-Statement Inventories: Use of Valence, End Points, Frequency, and Relative Frequency

AUTHOR(S)
Amsel, Rhonda; Fichten, Catherine S.
PUB. DATE
June 1998
SOURCE
Cognitive Therapy & Research;Jun98, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p255
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Methodological confounds and inconsistencies in evaluations of self-statements hamper exploration of conceptual issues in cognitive assessment. Although many measures incorporate both positives and negatives, there is confusion in reporting; raw frequencies, difference scores, problematic ratios (positive/negative, negative/positive), and Statesof-Mind (SOM) ratios are all used. Here, we examine methodological issues in evaluations of valenced self-statements in two studies and formulate empirically based guidelines for common usage. Our findings clearly indicate that (a) valenced thought frequencies and SOM ratios yield different information, (b) in SOM ratio calculations, inventory scale end points should always start at 0, (c) if scales do not start at 0, scores can be converted mathematically, and (d) the higher the SOM score, the better the individual's adaptation on various criterion measures; this includes even extremely positive SOMs (0.91 1). Thus, SOMs are monotonic and can be used in statistical analyses without transformation.
ACCESSION #
812557

 

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