Economics, Formulation Techniques and Properties of Biodiesel: A Review

B., Mathur Y.; P., Poonia M.; S., Jethoo A.
August 2011
Universal Journal of Environmental Research & Technology;Aug2011, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p124
Academic Journal
Due to limited resources of fossil fuels and the environmental concern, there has been improved focus on vegetable oils and biodiesel fuel as an alternative source of energy. Governments across the world are injecting huge amount of money into the development of this sector in an attempt to reduce their dependency on fossil fuels. However, the alternative diesel fuels must be technically and environmentally acceptable, and economically competitive. From the viewpoint of these requirements, triglycerides and their derivatives may be considered as viable alternatives for diesel fuels. One of the main problems of vegetable oil use in diesel engine is their higher kinematic viscosity due to which problems occur in pumping and atomization, ring-sticking, carbon deposits on the piston, cylinder head, ring grooves, etc. Hence, straight vegetable oils have to be modified to bring their combustion related properties closer to diesel. This fuel modification is mainly aimed at reducing the viscosity in order to get rid of flow/ atomization related problems. In the present work, efforts have been made to understand and compile the outcome of researches on economics of biodiesel fuel, issues associated with use of vegetable oil in diesel engine by using some well known techniques available to overcome higher viscosity related problems for making them compatible with the hydrocarbon-based diesel and biodiesel fuel properties.


Related Articles

  • Potential of Waste Vegetable Oil for Biodiesel in Nigeria. Ibifubara, Humphrey; Obot, Nsikan I.; Chendo, Michael A. C. // British Journal of Applied Science & Technology;2014, Vol. 4 Issue 25, p3716 

    Based on the alarming level of the problems associated with non-renewable energy sources, the critical effects of global warming and the need to curb environmental pollutions, there is now a shift of emphasis on serene renewable energy sources. Waste Vegetable Oil which refers to vegetable oil...

  • Development of biodiesel from inedible feedstock through various production processes. Review. Junli Qiul; Xiaohu Fan; Hongyu Zou // Chemistry & Technology of Fuels & Oils;May2011, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p102 

    Fossil fuels are dwindling daily. An ever increasing demand for energy and environmental concern stimulate the search for alternative energy sources. As a renewable energy, biodiesel is one of the most attractive due to environmental advantages. However, a major hurdle in the commercialization...


    The article reports that a communication from the Piedmont Biofuels cooperative in Pittsboro, North Carolina explains how its biodiesel fuel is made and marketed. It also reports how a new tank has been built behind the Carrboro, North Carolina Public Works Department that holds B100, a form of...

  • Hydroprocessing of Bio-Oils and Oxygenates to Hydrocarbons. Understanding the Reaction Routes. Donnis, Bjørn; Egeberg, Rasmus; Blom, Peder; Knudsen, Kim // Topics in Catalysis;Mar2009, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p229 

    To produce diesel fuel from renewable organic material such as vegetable oils, it has for a number of years been known that triglycerides can be hydrogenated into linear alkanes in a refinery hydrotreating unit over conventional sulfided hydrodesulfurization catalysts. A number of new reactions...

  • Scenedesmus sp. NJ-1 isolated from Antarctica: a suitable renewable lipid source for biodiesel production. Chen, Zhuo; Gong, Yangmin; Fang, Xiantao; Hu, Hanhua // World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;Nov2012, Vol. 28 Issue 11, p3219 

    Microalgal lipids are promising alternative feedstocks for biodiesel production. Scenedesmus sp. NJ-1, an oil-rich freshwater microalga isolated from Antarctica, was identified to be a suitable candidate to produce biodiesel in this study. This strain could grow at temperatures ranging from 4 to...

  • Midwest couple doubles their diesel dollars. Scharabok, Ken // Countryside & Small Stock Journal;Sep/Oct2007, Vol. 91 Issue 5, p39 

    The article discusses the cost-efficiency and feasibility of using waste vegetable oil or biodiesel as an alternative fuel. A couple operating a farm claim that they are obtaining somewhere near 90 mpg from each gallon of diesel by stretching it out with WVO. A scientific study shows that it...

  • Environmentally Friendly Bio-diesel.  // China Chemical Reporter;3/26/2007, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p15 

    The article reports on the successful development of bio-diesel from Zhengxi Renewable Energy Co. Ltd. on March 4, 2007 in China. Bio-diesel is produced using vegetable oils and scrap animal oils as raw materials through chain scission technology and complicated steps. Meanwhile, the company...

  • PERSPEKTYWY ZASTOSOWANIA OLEJU Z ALG W PRODUKCJI BIODIESLA. Dąbrowski, Wojciech; Bednarski, Włodzimierz // Engineering Sciences & Technologies / Nauki Inzynierskie i Techn;2012, Vol. 4 Issue 7, p19 

    Renewable energy sources are an alternative for many countries because of depletion of oil resources, requirements of environmental protection and independence from external energy suppliers. Currently, first-generation biodiesel production has been struggling with the problem of insufficient...

  • "SINCRON", A NEW Brassica carinata CULTIVAR FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION. Bozzini, A.; Calcagno, F.; Soare, T. // Helia;2007, Vol. 30 Issue 46, p207 

    The recent rapid increase of petrol price due to the rising world demand for energy and the rapid depletion of fossil fuels calls for a diversification of energy sources, with particular reference to liquid fuels, gasoline and diesel oil. Diesel fuel in particular is fundamental for human and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics