El concepto de norma lingüística y la enseñanza de español como lengua extranjera

Barragán, Rafael
December 2010
Lenguaje;dic2010, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p481
Academic Journal
Every decision regarding teaching and learning any language implies the selection of a determined standard linguistic variety which, generally, has been claimed to be standard based on historical and social factors rather than linguistic ones. This practice also affects linguistic polices, as taking learners to the levels of competence in the basic skills requires decisions on the linguistic variety to be selected as the parameters to create didactic materials and massive evaluations. In the case of Spanish as a Foreign Language (SFL), many problems emerge which must be carefully analyzed in the light of theory essentially because Spanish is a language that includes a great variety of heterogeneous territories and cultures. This makes it difficult to identify a common standard language to be taught. Here, the concept of norm is included as it is necessarily interwoven with the ideological problem that underlies the intention of a unified proposal for teaching SFL. This article proposes a general revision of the concept of norm to introduce it in the debate about what to teach and evaluate in an international certification system of SFL. In addition, it explores how decisions that tend to favor some linguistic communities might stigmatize others.


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