TITLE

CEREAL GRAIN AS ALTERNATIVE FUEL IN LATVIA

AUTHOR(S)
Jansone, Inga; Gaile, Zinta
PUB. DATE
July 2012
SOURCE
Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference on Renewa;2012, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Conference Proceeding
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Thermal energy is one of the most important energy types in Latvia. Thermal energy is acquired from coal, gas, wood as well as plant biomass - straw, grass, grain. Low quality grain which is not suitable for the use in either food or feed production could be used for heating. Technologically, the grain is suitable for the heating systems with automatic fuel feed. During the field trial that took place in State Stende Cereals Breeding Institute in years 2009/2010 and 2010/2011, the possibility of using grain of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rye (Secale cereale L.) and triticale (Triticosecale Wittm) in heating was examined. The content of C, O, and H of the grain was determined as well as the content of fibre, ash, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium. The grain yield was determined at the humidity of 14%. The higher heating value of grain (kJ kg-1) was also determined, whereas while the lower heating value was calculated. Out of all the examined species of winter cereals the winter wheat was the most suitable for heating, taking into account its grain yield, heating values and ash content. Having examined the chemical composition of the dry matter of winter cereal grain, it was determined that it has a higher amount of phosphorus and potassium than the wood as mentioned in relevant scientific sources. These chemical elements negatively affect the ash melting temperature due to which the slag is formed in the heating boilers.
ACCESSION #
84592970

 

Related Articles

  • USAGE OF ENERGETIC CROPS AS ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY IN CZECH REPUBLIC. Kużel, S.; Kolář, L.; Peterka, J.; Šindelářová, M. // Latvian Journal of Agronomy / Agronomija Vestis;2008, Issue 10, p15 

    Fifty percent of Czech agricultural lands was categorized to LFA. The energetic crops and raw grass biomass are a perspective industrial and energetic material. It is possible to utilize them by anaerobic digestion for methane, pyrolysis for syngas or fast pyrolysis for biooil, which all find...

  • Evaluation Of Water Deficiency At The Post-Anthesis Stage On Grain Yield Formation, Dry Matter Accumulation And Some Morphological Traits In Three Bread Wheat Cultivars. Saeidi, Mohsen; Abdoliand, Majid; Jalali-Honarmand, Saeid // Advances in Environmental Biology;Jun2013, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1117 

    A field experiment was conducted to determine the sensitivity of wheat to water stress and changes in morphological traits and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Water deficiency at the post anthesis Stage. The experiment comprised of three wheat cultivars i.e., Sivand, Marvdasht and...

  • As Biofuel, Miscanthus Uses Less Land Than Corn.  // Hay & Forage Grower (Penton Media, Inc.);Aug2008, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p35 

    The article focuses on the study led by crop scientist Stephen Long on the use of miscanthus as a biofuel source. Long said that on the use of miscanthus, the amount of biomass generated each year would allow to produce about two and a half times the amount of ethanol can produce per acre of...

  • A Simplified Technique for the Propagation of Shoots from Nodes of Switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L.) Genotypes. Weaver, Joshua; Sujo, Laura; Feldmann, Kenneth // BioEnergy Research;Dec2014, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p1351 

    Nodal propagation of switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L.) is an important technique for multiplying a variant plant, with a potentially valuable agronomic trait, for replicated field trials. To develop an improved propagation system, shoot induction from three node positions (low, mid, and high)...

  • EFFECT OF SEEDLING AGE ON TILLERING PATTERN AND YIELD OF RICE (Oryza sativa L.) UNDER SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION. Patra, Partha Sarathi; Haque, Samsul // Journal of Agricultural & Biological Science;Nov2011, Vol. 6 Issue 11, p33 

    Field experiments was conducted during Boro season of 2008 and 2009 at Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya farm, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal to study the effect of seedling age on tillering pattern and yield of rice under system of rice intensification (SRI) in Terai zone of West Bengal....

  • A Market For Switchgrass: Tennessee's field-to-factory biofuel effort begins. Holin, Fae // Hay & Forage Grower (Penton Media, Inc.);Jan2010, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p30 

    The article discusses the 2,613 acres of switchgrass that the farmers in Vonore, Tennessee produced for biofuel production and research development. It states that they plan to produce around 7,000 acres of the crop by the end of 2010 for the further development of their search for alternative...

  • Biomass Energy Outlook. Jenner, Mark // BioCycle;Jan2010, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p50 

    The article presents the author's view on the issues regarding the cost and condition of biomass energy and its supplies in the U.S. The author notes the interventions of politics to the country's biomass energy. The author notes the cost of energy crop production, which can be cited California....

  • The Competitive Ability of Avenaspp. and Alopecurus myosuroidesHuds. Influenced by Different Wheat ( Triticum aestivum) Cultivars. Mennan, Hüsrev; Isik, Dogan // Turkish Journal of Agriculture & Forestry;2004, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p245 

    Field experiments were conducted at Havza and Gelemen to evaluate the effect of different densities of Avena spp. and Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. on wheat cultivars Bezostaja and Kate-A-I. As expected the semi-dwarf cultivar Bezostaja was shorter than Kate-A-I in all weed densities, indicating...

  • Corn Grain Management After Harvest. Hurburgh, Charles R. // Corn & Soybean Digest Exclusive Insight;9/24/2012, p3 

    The article addresses corn grain management after harvesting. It explains the implementation of a cooling cycle after harvesting corn. It notes the probable variation in quality and test weight in fields. It discusses the incidence of aflatoxin and the need for growers to contact their crop...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics