TITLE

microRNA-29b is a novel mediator of Sox2 function in the regulation of somatic cell reprogramming

AUTHOR(S)
Guo, Xudong; Liu, Qidong; Wang, Guiying; Zhu, Songcheng; Gao, Longfei; Hong, Wujun; Chen, Yafang; Wu, Minjuan; Liu, Houqi; Jiang, Cizhong; Kang, Jiuhong
PUB. DATE
January 2013
SOURCE
Cell Research;Jan2013, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p142
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Fibroblasts can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by the application of Yamanaka factors (OSKM), but the mechanisms underlying this reprogramming remain poorly understood. Here, we report that Sox2 directly regulates endogenous microRNA-29b (miR-29b) expression during iPSC generation and that miR-29b expression is required for OSKM- and OSK-mediated reprogramming. Mechanistic studies show that Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b are in vivo targets of miR-29b and that Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b expression is inversely correlated with miR-29b expression during reprogramming. Moreover, the effect of miR-29b on reprogramming can be blocked by Dnmt3a or Dnmt3b overexpression. Further experiments indicate that miR-29b-DNMT signaling is significantly involved in the regulation of DNA methylation-related reprogramming events, such as mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) and Dlk1-Dio3 region transcription. Thus, our studies not only reveal that miR-29b is a novel mediator of reprogramming factor Sox2 but also provide evidence for a multistep mechanism in which Sox2 drives a miR-29b-DNMT signaling axis that regulates DNA methylation-related events during reprogramming.
ACCESSION #
84621936

 

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