Spatial and Social Dimensions of Post Conflict Urban Reconstruction Programme in South Western Nigeria. The Case of Ile-Ife, Nigeria

FABIYI, Oluseyi O.; THONTTEH, Olufunmilayo E.; BORISADE, Paul
December 2012
Journal of Settlements & Spatial Planning;2012, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p163
Academic Journal
Ife and Modakeke are contiguous, but linguistically homogenous communities in the South-Western part of Nigeria but have been immersed in recurrent communal conflict since 1845. The age-long communal conflict was interjected by seven major wars as follows: 1845-1849, 1882-1909, 1946-1949, 1981, 1983, 1997 and 1998-2004. Our study examines the nature and challenges of post conflict social and urban reconstructions in the two communities and advanced approaches for peace building in typical post war urban areas. It was observed that most of the physical reconstructions were carried out by the informal private sectors and neighbourhood cooperatives. Naturally, cities grow at the peripheries but the post war expansion in the two communities was more in the core and the transition zone as people moved away from the perceived volatile areas. Though the immediate cause of the war was addressed, there were no direct initiatives for social reconstruction or peace building in the two communities. The paper suggests that definite social reconstructions must follow communal conflict resolution.


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