Epidemiological survey in primary care patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Greece; The EPIPTOSI study

Carvounis, Christos P.; Nikas, Nikos; Panitti, Elena
October 2012
Pneumon;Oct-Dec2012, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p386
Academic Journal
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic disease, with significant extrapulmonary effects, associated with high morbidity and mortality. The current study aimed at evaluating the characteristics, health status, management and use of health care resources of primary care patients with COPD in Greece. METHODS: EPIPTOSI was an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study of primary care patients diagnosed with COPD. Data were collected during a single visit via a structured questionnaire. Smoking status, severity, symptoms, treatment, health care resource utilization and the patients' perceptions of health status and treatment were recorded. RESULTS: The 930 study patients (Male 66.5%, age 64.9±10.8 years) were classified with mild (22%), moderate (52%) and severe COPD (26%) respectively, based on the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria, of whom 49.8% were smokers (average pack years 41.2). The average Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) score was 1.87± 1 (mild: 1.1±0.7, moderate: 1.6±0.8, severe: 2.9±1.5, p<0.01). The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) mean score for patients =65 years was 7.8±0.9, with a close correlation between CCQ score and severity of COPD. Treatment was with inhaled corticosteroids/long-acting ß2-agonists combination (ICS/LABA) for 35.2% of patients and ICS/LABA plus anticholinergics for 27.0%. A total of 48.7% had visited an emergency care unit (ECU) while 26.4% required hospitalization at least once, during the last year. A significant association between COPD severity and hospitalization (OR 7.4 95% CI: 5.3-10.3, p<0.01) and ECU visits (OR 7.51 95% CI: 5.16-10.9, p<0.01) was found. CONCLUSIONS: Most primary care patients with COPD had disease of moderate severity. Although their health status was relatively satisfactory, a considerable number each year visited the ECU of hospitals and were hospitalized for respiratory problems, illustrating the significant burden associated with COPD. Pneumon 2012, 25(4):386-394.


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