TITLE

Dietary intake and blood lipid profile in overweight and obese schoolchildren

AUTHOR(S)
Madalena Rinaldi, Ana Elisa; Prado de Oliveira, Erick; Moreto, Fernando; Fernanda Costa Pinto Gabriel, Gleice; Eduardo Corrente, Jos‚; Carlos Burini, Roberto
PUB. DATE
January 2012
SOURCE
BMC Research Notes;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p598
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The high blood lipid levels and obesity are one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, and the atherosclerotic process begins in childhood. Some environmental factors are supposed to be involved in this relationship, such as dietary factors. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary intake and blood lipids levels in overweight and obese schoolchildren. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 147 overweight and obese schoolchildren in Botucatu city, Brazil. The anthropometric measurements (body weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference and skinfolds), pubertal staging evaluation and biochemical tests were taken in all children. Three 24h-recall were applied in order to estimate the dietary intake and its relationship with blood lipid levels. The Student t test and multiple linear regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. Statistical significance was assessed at the level of 0.05. The data were processed in SAS software (version 9.1.3; SAS Institute). Results: At this study, 63% of children were obese (body mass index higher than 95th percentile) and 80% showed high body fat percentage. The percentage of children with abnormal total cholesterol and triglycerides was 12% and 10%, respectively, and 28% presented at least one abnormal lipid levels. The average values of anthropometric measurements were higher in children with elevated lipid levels. Total cholesterol levels were positively related to full-fat dairy products and triglycerides levels to saturated fat percentage. Conclusions: Saturated fat was positively associated with elevated lipid levels in overweight and obese schoolchildren. These results reinforce the importance of healthy dietary habits since childhood in order to reduce the risks of cardiovascular diseases in adulthood.
ACCESSION #
85880114

 

Related Articles

  • Plasma Lipids as a Risk Factor in Peripheral Vascular Disease. Cardia, Giuseppe; Grisorio, Donato; Impedovo, Giovanni; Lillo, Antonio; Regina, Guido // Angiology;Jan1990, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p19 

    Plasma lipids were tested in 59 patients with symptomatic peripheral vascular disease (PVD) (confirmed by angiographic and, in many cases, operative examinations) and compared with the lipid balance in 47 nonarteriopathic subjects constituting the control group. Of all the elements considered,...

  • Efficacy and safety of replacing lopinavir with atazanavir in HIV-infected patients with undetectable plasma viraemia: final results of the SLOAT trial. Vincent Soriano; Pilar García-Gasco; Eugenia Vispo; Andrés Ruiz-Sancho; Francisco Blanco; Luz Martín-Carbonero; Sonia Rodríguez-Novoa; Judit Morello; Carmen de Mendoza; Pablo Rivas; Pablo Barreiro; Juan González-Lahoz // Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (JAC);Jan2008, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p200 

    : Background Atazanavir seems to be a protease inhibitor (PI) with a more favourable metabolic profile. Information regarding the potential benefit of replacing lopinavir/ritonavir by atazanavir in HIV-infected patients with prolonged viral suppression is scarce. If proved, this strategy could...

  • Do we need lipid clinics? Shifting the balance between secondary and primary care. Stuart, W; Smellie, A // Annals of Clinical Biochemistry;Nov2005, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p463 

    Background: Increasing activity in cholesterol lowering is placing increasing demands on lipid clinics to be able to cope with the increase in demand. A combination of interventions has been used to improve laboratory testing, focus interpretative results and provide educational and advisory...

  • Dual HDL/total cholesterol test: a single-tube, homogeneous assay for sequential measurement of HDL cholesterol and total cholesterol. Sampson, M. L.; Csako, G.; Remaley, A. T. // Annals of Clinical Biochemistry;Jul2000, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p479 

    The quantitation of cholesterol in lipoprotein subfractions is valuable in estimating the risk for coronary artery disease, but requires multiple tests. We describe a relatively simple procedure, referred to as the dual HDL/total cholesterol (DHT) assay, which allows the sequential measurement...

  • Dietary cholesterol, female gender and n-3 fatty acid deficiency are more important factors in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease than the saturation index of the fat. Comhair, Tine M.; Garcia Caraballo, Sonia C.; Dejong, Cornelis H. C.; Lamers, Wouter H.; Eleonore Köhler, S. // Nutrition & Metabolism;2011, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p4 

    Background: The central feature of NAFLD is a disturbed fatty-acid metabolism with hepatic lipid accumulation. However, the factors that determine the severity of NAFLD, including the role of nutrition, gender, and plasma lipid levels, remain to be determined. Methods: High-fat diets (42 en%...

  • Adenovirus 36 seropositivity is strongly associated with race and gender, but not obesity, among US military personnel. Broderick, M. P.; Hansen, C. J.; Irvine, M.; Metzgar, D.; Campbell, K.; Baker, C.; Russell, K. L. // International Journal of Obesity;Feb2010, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p302 

    Background:Although several studies have shown a positive association between evidence of anti-adenovirus 36 (Ad-36) antibodies (Ad-36 exposure) and (1) obesity and (2) serum cholesterol in animals, there is limited research demonstrating this association in humans. There is also limited...

  • Cholesterol and Lipoprotein Dynamics in a Hibernating Mammal. Otis, Jessica P.; Sahoo, Daisy; Drover, Victor A.; Yen, Chi-Liang Eric; Carey, Hannah V. // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 12, p1 

    Hibernating mammals cease feeding during the winter and rely primarily on stored lipids to fuel alternating periods of torpor and arousal. How hibernators manage large fluxes of lipids and sterols over the annual hibernation cycle is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate...

  • The Effect of a Plant-Based Diet on Plasma Lipids in Hypercholesterolemic Adults. Gardner, Christopher D.; Coulston, Ann; Chatterjee, Lorraine; Rigby, Alison; Spiller, Gene; Farquhar, John W. // Annals of Internal Medicine;5/3/2005, Vol. 142 Issue 9, p725 

    Background: A variety of food combinations can be used to meet national U.S. guidelines for obtaining 30% of energy or less from total fat and 10% of energy or less from saturated fat. Objective: To contrast plasma lipid responses to 2 low-fat diet patterns. Design: Randomized clinical trial....

  • The Contrasting Relationships between Betaine and Homocysteine in Two Clinical Cohorts are Associated with Plasma Lipids and Drug Treatments. Lever, Michael; George, Peter M.; Atkinson, Wendy; Elmslie, Jane L.; Slow, Sandy; Molyneux, Sarah L.; Troughton, Richard W.; Richards, A. Mark; Frampton, Christopher M.; Chambers, Stephen T. // PLoS ONE;Mar2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    Background: Urinary betaine excretion positively correlated with plasma homocysteine in outpatients attending a lipid disorders clinic (lipid clinic study). We aimed to confirm this in subjects with established vascular disease. Methods: The correlation between betaine excretion and homocysteine...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics