Has Hamas' Progressive Terrorism Tactics Evolved Past Traditional Counterterrorism Measures? An Analysis of a Means to an End for the Terrorist Organization Hamas

McClure, John
February 2013
Global Security Studies;Winter2013, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p31
Academic Journal
Patterns have shown that terrorist groups often follow a model set forth by their predecessors. Terrorist groups "display a kind of contagion effect and are designed with the lessons of its predecessors or contemporaries" (Friedman, Harper, and Preble, 2010), but its method and direction often change. This makes the stratagem for counterterrorism somewhat routine to develop based on predictable actions set forth by early terrorist groups. Yet as these groups evolve the US and Israeli strategy for counterterrorism has to evolve with each individual terrorist organization. Terrorist groups often evolve from the initial tenets established in its nascent stages. This is evident within the terrorist group Hamas. There have been several catalysts in Hamas' shift in direction including: 1) Response to the Oslo Accords, 2) Network Technology, 3) Integration into the Political process. Studies show how this shift has begun to lead to its beginning stages of its political legitimacy, and that traditional counterterrorism methods are ineffective toward Hamas. (Rabbani, 2008) These findings show that an offensive approach only emboldens the group's terrorist tendencies; and that traditional approaches to successfully implement countermeasures and predict pathways of dissolution of terrorist activity are ineffective.


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