TITLE

Individual differences in electrophysiological responses to performance feedback predict AB magnitude

AUTHOR(S)
MacLean, Mary; Arnell, Karen
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience;Jun2013, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p270
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The attentional blink (AB) is observed when report accuracy for a second target (T2) is reduced if T2 is presented within approximately 500 ms of a first target (T1), but accuracy is relatively unimpaired at longer T1-T2 separations. The AB is thought to represent a transient cost of attending to a target, and reliable individual differences have been observed in its magnitude. Some models of the AB have suggested that cognitive control contributes to production of the AB, such that greater cognitive control is associated with larger AB magnitudes. Performance-monitoring functions are thought to modulate the strength of cognitive control, and those functions are indexed by event-related potentials in response to both endogenous and exogenous performance evaluation. Here we examined whether individual differences in the amplitudes to internal and external response feedback predict individual AB magnitudes. We found that electrophysiological responses to externally provided performance feedback, measured in two different tasks, did predict individual differences in AB magnitude, such that greater feedback-related N2 amplitudes were associated with larger AB magnitudes, regardless of the valence of the feedback.
ACCESSION #
87087431

 

Related Articles

  • Valence-Specific Modulation in the Accumulation of Perceptual Evidence Prior to Visual Scene Recognition. Schettino, Antonio; Loeys, Tom; Bossi, Manuela; Pourtois, Gilles // PLoS ONE;May2012, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p1 

    Visual scene recognition is a dynamic process through which incoming sensory information is iteratively compared with predictions regarding the most likely identity of the input stimulus. In this study, we used a novel progressive unfolding task to characterize the accumulation of perceptual...

  • Hierarchy Measure for Complex Networks. Mones, Enys; Vicsek, Lilla; Vicsek, Tam�s // PLoS ONE;Mar2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    Nature, technology and society are full of complexity arising from the intricate web of the interactions among the units of the related systems (e.g., proteins, computers, people). Consequently, one of the most successful recent approaches to capturing the fundamental features of the structure...

  • Faster target selection in preview visual search depends on luminance onsets: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. Kiss, Monika; Eimer, Martin // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Aug2011, Vol. 73 Issue 6, p1637 

    To investigate how target detection in visual search is modulated when a subset of distractors is presented in advance (preview search), we measured search performance and the N2pc component as an electrophysiological marker of attentional target selection. Targets defined by a color/shape...

  • Functional correlates of optic flow motion processing in Parkinson's disease. Putcha, Deepti; Ross, Robert S.; Rosen, Maya L.; Norton, Daniel J.; Cronin-Golomb, Alice; Somers, David C.; Stern, Chantal E. // Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience;Jul2014, Vol. 8, p1 

    The visual input created by the relative motion between an individual and the environment, also called optic flow, influences the sense of self-motion, postural orientation, veering of gait, and visuospatial cognition. An optic flow network comprising visual motion areas V6, V3A, and MT+, as...

  • Optometric Investigation of Reading Problems. Friedman, Leonard Z. // Education;Nov1959, Vol. 80 Issue 3, p181 

    The article presents an optometric investigation of reading problems. Optometrists are obliged to find out all the ramifications of the visual demands imposed by the reading task. Visual rehabilitation of the retarded reader is not a panacea for the retardation. On the other hand, it is the...

  • Active Gaze Control Improves Optic Flow-Based Segmentation and Steering. Raudies, Florian; Mingolla, Ennio; Neumann, Heiko // PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1 

    An observer traversing an environment actively relocates gaze to fixate objects. Evidence suggests that gaze is frequently directed toward the center of an object considered as target but more likely toward the edges of an object that appears as an obstacle. We suggest that this difference in...

  • Is Coarse-to-Fine Strategy Sensitive to Normal Aging? Musel, Benoit; Chauvin, Alan; Guyader, Nathalie; Chokron, Sylvie; Peyrin, Carole // PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1 

    Theories on visual perception agree that visual recognition begins with global analysis and ends with detailed analysis. Different results from neurophysiological, computational, and behavioral studies all indicate that the totality of visual information is not immediately conveyed, but that...

  • Hierarchy Measure for Complex Networks. Mones, Enys; Vicsek, Lilla; Vicsek, Tamás // PLoS ONE;Mar2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    Nature, technology and society are full of complexity arising from the intricate web of the interactions among the units of the related systems (e.g., proteins, computers, people). Consequently, one of the most successful recent approaches to capturing the fundamental features of the structure...

  • IS THE DIMINISHED ATTENTIONAL BLINK FOR SALIENT T2 STIMULI DRIVEN BY A RESPONSE BIAS? Tibboel, Helen; De Houwer, Jan; Van Bockstaele, Bram; Verschuere, Bruno // Psychological Record;Summer2013, Vol. 63 Issue 3, p427 

    The attentional blink (AB) effect refers to the finding that the second of two quickly presented masked targets (T1 and T2) is less likely to be identified when the temporal lag between the targets is short than when it is long (Raymond, Shapiro, & Arnell, 1992). Interestingly, the AB effect is...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics