TITLE

Public Knowledge about and Detection of Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis in Urban Divinópolis, Brazil

AUTHOR(S)
Margonari, Carina; Menezes, Júlia Alves; Rocha, Marcele Neves; Maia, Kamila Nunes; Oliveira, Michael Éder de; Fonseca, Amanda Luisa; de Sousa, Fabrizio Furtado; Castro Ferreira, Eduardo de; Madureira, Ana Paula; Melo, Maria Norma; Soares, Rodrigo Pedro
PUB. DATE
January 2012
SOURCE
Journal of Tropical Medicine (16879686);2012, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background. Leishmaniases are diseases with a wide spectrumof clinical manifestations including cutaneous (CL) and visceral (VL) forms.Many factors may affect their occurrence and expansion including environmental, geographic, and social conditions. In the past two decades, Divinópolis,Minas Gerais State, Brazil, has exhibited the potential for a disease outbreak, with the appearance of CL, and VL cases (human and canine). Hence, this study was initiated to monitor public knowledge of the disease. Questionnaires were administered in four neighborhoods (Jardim Belvedere, Esplanada, Danilo Passos I and II) where most of the human and canine cases have been reported. The analyses demonstrated that public knowledge of the disease is sparse and fragmented. A strong perception of the dog as the main reservoir was observed. Five veterinary clinics were evaluated for the presence of canine VL using serological (RIFI and ELISA) and molecular (PCR-RFLP) techniques. This is the first study demonstrating the occurrence of Leishmania infantum in Divinópolis, suggesting a possible urbanization of VL.
ACCESSION #
87117085

 

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