TITLE

The β3-adrenergic receptor gene and obesity in a population sample of African Americans

AUTHOR(S)
Lowe, W L; Rotimi, C N; Luke, A; Guo, X; Zhu, X; Comuzzie, A G; Schuh, T S; Halbach, S; Kotlar, T J; Cooper, R S
PUB. DATE
January 2001
SOURCE
International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Jan2001, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p54
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of the Trp64Arg polymorphism in the β3-adrenergic receptor gene and the β3-adrenergic receptor gene locus in obesity-related traits in African Americans. SUBJECTS: A total of 687 individuals representing 193 African American families who were residents of metropolitan Chicago. MEASUREMENTS: Genotyping of the Trp64Arg polymorphism in the β3-adrenergic receptor gene and three microsatellite markers flanking the β3-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB3) locus and measuring various obesity-related traits, including body mass index (BMI), fat-free mass, fat mass, percentage fat mass, waist circumference and serum lipid levels. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity (defined as body mass index ≥30 kg/m²) in the population was 27.3% and 51.2% in men and women, respectively. The frequency of the Arg64 allele was 10.0%. Multivariate regression analyses confirmed the existence of a significant contribution of familial variance to each of the five obesity-related traits noted above. Likelihood ratio statistics computed in a multivariate regression analysis failed to demonstrate a significant association between the Arg64 allele and any of the five obesity-related traits. Single and multipoint analyses using extended Haseman-Elston regression analyses failed to demonstrate suggestive evidence of linkage of three microsatellite markers that flank the β3-adrenergic receptor gene to BMI, percentage body fat, waist circumference or serum leptin levels. CONCLUSION: Given the contribution of familial variance to obesity-related traits in this population, neither the null finding for the Arg64 allele nor the lack of evidence of linkage of the ADRB3 locus to obesity-related traits could be attributed to lack of transmissibility of the traits suggesting that neither the Arg64 variant of the β3-adrenergic receptor gene nor another genetic variant in or near the ADRB3 locus contribute significantly to familial aggregation of...
ACCESSION #
8853363

 

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