TITLE

Russia between China and the European Union: Friends or Foes?

AUTHOR(S)
Värk, Juhan
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Baltic Journal of European Studies;Jun2013, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p29
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
For a long time Russia has regarded the European Union and China as its main economic and trade partners, giving preference to the EU. A sudden change occurred in October 2008, when as a response to the EU's sharp criticism of the Kremlin over the Georgian-Russian military conflict, Russia decided to re-orient its foreign economic and trade policy from the EU to China and partially also to India. At the same time Russian-Chinese military and energy cooperation started to grow. Russia sold China oil and gas at low price and supplied it with advanced weaponry, which has increased China's aggression toward its neighbours. Russia also started to politically and militarily support China's activities in Syria and Iran, which, in turn, worsened Russia's relations with several EU Member States, including Germany, France and Italy, with whom Russia was planning to cooperate in the developing of the Nord Stream gas pipeline project. However, Russian President Vladimir Putin still declares a great continuing friendship and solidarity with China and is hoping to see the worsening of China's conflict with the US, which, Putin claims, could avert China's direct conflict with Russia. Several leading Russian military and political experts describe this hope as unrealistic. At the same time, the volume of EU-Russian mutual trade was almost 395 billion US dollars in 2011, which exceeds in volume the Chinese-Russian trade volume by more than four times. It shows that Russia's trade reset from the EU to China has been negligible. Also, it is bad news for Russia and China that Iran today stifles cooperation with Georgia and Chinese separatist Uyghurs, and Syrian Bashar al-Assad's regime is developing cooperation with al Qaeda, and does not explain Russia's and China's current similar foreign policy toward Iran and Syria.
ACCESSION #
88861448

 

Related Articles

  • Russian Stocks Advance On Chinese, Troop News. ALAN R. ELLIOTT // Investors Business Daily;10/14/2014, pB10 

    Monday was a big news day for Russia. Russia and China announced 38 energy and currency deals, and Russian central bank officials said separately that they had intervened to shore up the ruble, which has tumbled alongside oil prices in the past week.

  • Turning away Europe.  // Dairy Industries International;Aug2015, Vol. 80 Issue 8, p14 

    The article focuses on concerns of European dairy industry to mitigate damage to its dairy export sales following a decree signed by Russia's President Vladimir Putin on extending sanctions against Western food and dairy imports for another year. Topics discussed include concerns of Putin on...

  • Belgium,Georgia,Russian Federation : RUSSIA suspends FTA agreement with GEORGIA as it moves for a DCFTA with the EUROPEAN UNION.  // TendersInfo News;8/4/2014, p1 

    The article reports on Russia's decision to suspend its free trade agreement with Georgia. Topics discussed include the impact of bilateral relations of Georgi's Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the European Union (EU), the Georgian parliament's ratification of the...

  • Putin Visits Iran. Shaffer, Brenda // Washington Institute for Near East Policy: PolicyWatch;Nov2015, p1 

    The article discusses Russian President Vladimir Putin's trip to Iran to address multilateral and bilateral issues including participating in the summit of the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) and conducting bilateral meetings with Iranian leaders.

  • Moscow Seeks New Iran Nuclear Talks, Putin Death Plot Suspect Claims Torture. Cardais, S. Adam; Tsintsadze, Nino // Transitions Online;1/21/2013, p6 

    The article offers world news briefs. Russia seeks new round of international talks over the nuclear development program with Iran. prime suspect Adam Osmayev in an alleged plot to kill Russian President Vladimir Putin retracted his confession. Kazakhstan expected to join World Trade...

  • Putin expects to balance Russia-Kazakhstan trade. Interfax // Kazakhstan General Newswire;11/11/2013, p1 

    YEKATERINBURG. Nov 11 (Interfax) - Russian President Vladimir Putin has noted an improvement in Russia-Kazakhstan trade and economic cooperation and said Kazakh exports to Russia are growing more rapidly than Russian exports, which may eventually result in a balance of interests.

  • SWOT Analysis & Strategic Research on Sino-Russia Energy Cooperation. Xiuli Liu; Yanbin Sun; Dongxu Yan; Junxiang Hao // Applied Mechanics & Materials;2014, Vol. 701/702, p1317 

    Energy cooperation is one of the prerequisites for the development of modern industry and the world economy, China-Russia energy cooperation is an important part of China-Russia economic and trade cooperation between the two countries, and is also an important field of development of bilateral...

  • Has Putin Overplayed His Hand in Ukraine? Lyman, John; Hall, Patrick // International Policy Digest;Apr2014, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p39 

    The article reports on Russia's violation of Ukraine's territorial integrity. The West has threatened Russia to pull back, however, Russian president Vladimir Putin is unperturbed. It is said that threats, Western antagonism and land reclamation have only boosted his domestic popularity. The...

  • Putin believes Russian-S. Korean-N. Korean cooperation should not depend on politics. Interfax // Russia & FSU General News;11/13/2013, p1 

    SEOUL. Nov 13 (Interfax) - Russian President Vladimir Putin believes tripartite cooperation between Moscow, Seoul, and Pyongyang should not depend too much on politics.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics