Immunobiology of allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells mobilized with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor

Gyger, M; Stuart, R K; Perreault, C
July 2000
Bone Marrow Transplantation;7/1/2000, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
The use of mobilized peripheral blood (PB) stem cells for autologous transplantation initially generated much enthusiasm because of enhanced engraftment in comparison to marrow stem cells and avoidance of general anesthesia for the donor. Its application to the allogeneic setting seemed inevitable. For obvious ethical reasons, allogeneic donors are mobilized with cytokines only, mainly granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Results from preliminary studies suggest that in comparison to standard bone marrow transplants, outcomes such as engraftment, host-versus-graft reaction, graft-versus-host disease, graft-versus-leukemia and immunological reconstitution may be different. Surprisingly, G-CSF, previously recognized as a late acting lineage-specific factor for neutrophil production, not only disrupts homeostasis between stem cells and their microenvironment, but also induces significant quantitative and qualitative changes in the accessory cell compartment, affecting lymphocytes, monocytes, natural killer, dendritic, and stromal cells. Furthermore, mobilization of huge numbers of non-professional antigen presenting cells (CD34+ stem cells) amplifies the tolerizing potential of PB stem cell grafts. Thus, G-CSF mobilization provides PB transplants with different immunobiologic properties in comparison to standard bone marrow grafts. Whether these immunobiologic differences will lead to better transplant outcomes remains to be shown through much awaited results of large randomized clinical trials. Bone Marrow Transplantation (2000) 26, 1–16.


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