BRANCO, Susana; JORGE, Maria do Sameiro; CHAVES, Helena
December 2011
Acta Medica Portuguesa;SUP2011, Vol. 24 Issue S2, p509
Academic Journal
Introduction: Childhood obesity is an important public health issue, especially in developed countries, with a multifactorial nature. We purpose to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a group of children and analyze related risk factors. Material: Study including 207 children aged 5-6 years old enrolled in Urban Extension of ACES Ave III - Famalicão. Data were collected from connector plugs school health and phone interview of parents. Methods: Cross sectional observational study. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software and parametric tests were used to verify the statistical significance of data, considering statistical significance for p values <0.05. Results: The overall prevalence of overweight was 46.9% and obesity 28.5%, and the majority were girls. Odds ratio revealed that obesity risk increased with birthweight (<2500g: 1.28; 2500-3000g: 1.84; 3000g-3500g: 1.83; 3500g-4000g: 2.00 ), the number of hours of sleep (<9 hours: 1.5, 9-10 hours: 1.75;> 10 hours: 1.89), the number of hours of television (<2hours: 1.71; 2-4hours: 1.81;> 4hours: 1.89) and intake of fruit juice as the main drink (not: 1.70; yes: 1.80). The obesity risk was higher when parents were overweight and obese (father/mother: normal-weight: 1.58 / 1.62; pre-obese: 1.93 / 2.10, obese: 1.86 / 1 79), lived in rural areas (urban: 1.67, rural: 1.75) and have basic education (father/mother: 1st-4th class: 2.20 / 2.58, 5th 9th class: 1.80/ 1.69; 10th-12th class: 1.38 / 1.65; university: 1.78 / 1.76). There was a association between the number of siblings and obesity (zero: 1.84; a: 1.68; two: 1.87; three: 1.75). The physical activity acted as a protective factor for obesity (practice: 1.74; not practice: 1.78). Conclusions: The results of this study revealed the need for immediate implementation of measures involving health professionals, parents and educators. Knowledge of various risk factors allows for the adoption of preventive strategies to mitigate the impact of childhood obesity.


Related Articles

  • Rationale, design, methodology and sample characteristics for the family partners for health study: a cluster randomized controlled study.  // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p250 

    The article cites a research study that describes the rationale, design, methodology and sample characteristics of a 5-year cluster randomized controlled trial on overweight children who are at increased risk of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in...

  • Temporal trends in overweight and obesity in Canada, 1981-1996. Tremblay, M.S.; Katzmarzyk, P.T.; Willms, J.D. // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Apr2002, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p538 

    Assesses changes in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Canadian children and adults between 1981 and 1996. Age range; Comparison of the increase in the prevalence of overweight men and women; Comparison of percent increase of overweight prevalence among boys and girls.

  • Country-level and individual correlates of overweight and obesity among primary school children: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries. Olaya, Beatriz; Moneta, Maria Victoria; Pez, Ondine; Bitfoi, Adina; Carta, Mauro Giovanni; Eke, Ceyda; Goelitz, Dietmar; Keyes, Katherine M.; Kuijpers, Rowella; Lesinskiene, Sigita; Mihova, Zlatka; Otten, Roy; Fermanian, Christophe; Haro, Josep Maria; Kovess, Viviane // BMC Public Health;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The present study aims to estimate childhood overweight and obesity prevalence and their association with individual and population-level correlates in Eastern and Western European countries. Methods: Data were obtained from the School Children Mental Health in Europe, a...

  • Parents' Perceptions of Their Children Body Fat Percentage and Weight. KIM GEOK SOH; RAMAN, ROSNA ABDUL; KIM LAM SOH; JAPAR, SALIMAH; SWEE LEONG ONG; GHIAMI, ZEINAB // International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (09752366);Oct-Dec2018, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p53 

    Parents' perception of their children's weight and fat percentage may play an important role in developing and maintaining healthy lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the perceptions of parents of first-grade students in a Malaysian urban school setting regarding their children's...

  • Parents and Vehicle Purchases for Their Children: A Surprising Source of Weight Bias. Kraha, Amanda; Boals, Adriel // Obesity (19307381);Mar2011, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p541 

    According to current estimates, 68% of the population in United States is considered either overweight or obese. Despite its relative frequency, prejudice and discrimination against overweight and obese Americans is a common occurrence. This study seeks to build on previous findings that...

  • The Misery Of Child Obesity. Marshall, Marilyn // Ebony;May1981, Vol. 36 Issue 7, p66 

    The article focuses on the impact of obesity on a child's compeers and recreational participation in life in the U.S. It notes that overweight children are the ones who are easily worn out during strenuous activities and would eventually stop participating. According to a study conducted at...

  • Getting the balance right. Valentine, Stephanie // British Journal of School Nursing;Jul/Aug2008, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p171 

    The article discusses managing obesity in children. According to The Health Survey for England in 2008, 16% of children aged 2-15 years are obese, putting them at a higher risk of becoming obese adults, and developing diseases. Government aims to reverse the obesity and reduce the proportion of...

  • The spread of the childhood obesity epidemic. Andersen, Ross E.; Andersen, R E // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;11/28/2000, Vol. 163 Issue 11, p1461 

    Comments on the increase of childhood obesity in Canada. How children are becoming progressively more overweight; How obese children become obese adults and face diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, orthopedic problems and other chronic diseases; Increase of adiposity in children. How the...

  • Validation of predictive equations for resting energy expenditure in obese adolescents.  // American Journal of Clinical Nutrition;May2010, Vol. 91 Issue 5, p1244 

    The article presents a study that examines the validity of published equations for resting energy expenditure (REE) compared with indirect calorimetry in overweight and obese adolescents. The study compared the predictive equations based on weight, height, sex, age, fat-free mass (FFM), and fat...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics